==History==
[[File:0461.jpg|thumb|left|Fig. 1, [[Samuel Vaughan]], Plan of Bath ([[Berkeley_Springs|[Berkeley Springs]]) ] Virginia [detail], 1787, from the diary of Samuel Vaughan, June–September 1787.]]
[[File:1007.jpg|thumb|Fig. 2, Anonymous, “A [[Rustic_style|Rustic]] '''Alcove''',” in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 2, no. 8 (February 1848): pl. opp. 345, fig. 4.]]
*<div id="Clitherall"></div>Clitherall, Eliza Caroline Burgwin, active 1801, describing the [[Hermitage]], seat of John Burgwin, Wilmington, NC (quoted in Flowers 1983: 126)<ref>John Flowers, “People and Plants: North Carolina’s Garden History Revisited,” ''Eighteenth-Century Life'' 8, no. 2 (January 1983): 117–29, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/FCVW8GHV view on Zotero.]</ref> [[#Clitherall_cite|back up to History]]
:“These [gardens] were extensive and beautifully laid out. There was '''alcoves''' and [[summerhouse|summer houses]] at the termination of each [[walk]], [[seat]]s under trees in the more shady recesses of the Big Garden, as it was called, in distinction from the [[flower garden]] in front of the house.”[[#Clitherall_cite|back up to History]]
*<div id="Walsh"></div>Walsh, Alexander, March 31, 1841, “Remarks on Ornamental Gardening” (''New England Farmer'' 19: 309)<ref>Alexander Walsh, “Remarks on Ornamental Gardening, With a Plan of a Fruit, Flower and Vegetable Garden,” ''New England Farmer, and Horticultural Register'' 19, no. 39 (March 31, 1841): 308–9, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/HD2AV62D view on Zotero.]</ref> [[#Walsh_cite|back up to History]]
:“ . . . diminutive rustic '''alcoves''', from thrifty growing plants of upright privet, ''Ligustrum strictum'', formed by placing a platform of light boards 2 ft. 6 in. from the ground, and 3 ft. long, and 1 ft. 6 in. wide, on the twigs of the privet; those in the centre of the platform to be trimmed off close to it under side, and those on the back and sides to be led up round the platform, entwined and arched; the door to be constructed from the twigs in front, and an opening left 2 ft. 6 in. high, which is the height of the dome.” [Fig. 3] [[#Walsh_cite|back up to History]]
===Citations===
[[File:1702.jpg|thumb|Fig. 4, [[J. C. Loudon]], “'''Alcoves''',” in ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 356, fig. 331.]]
*<div id="MMahon"></div>[[Bernard M’Mahon|M’Mahon, Bernard]], 1806, ''The American Gardener’s Calendar'' (1806: 64)<ref>Bernard M’Mahon, ''The American Gardener’s Calendar: Adapted to the Climates and Seasons of the United States. Containing a Complete Account of All the Work Necessary to Be Done. . . for Every Month of the Year. . .'' (Philadelphia: Printed by B. Graves for the author, 1806), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/HU4JIS9C/q/m'mahon view on Zotero.]</ref> [[#MMahon_cite|back up to History]]
:“In some spacious [[pleasure ground|pleasure-grounds]] various light ornamental buildings and erections are introduced, as ornaments to particular departments; such as [[temple]]s, [[bower]]s, banquetting houses, '''alcoves''', [[grotto]]s, rural [[seat]]s, cottages, [[fountain]]s, [[obelisk]]s, [[statue]]s, and other edifices; these and the like are usually erected in the different parts, in openings between the divisions of the ground, and contiguous to the terminations of grand [[walk]]s, &c.
:“Some of these kinds of ornaments, however, being very expensive, are rather sparingly introduced. . . other parts present '''alcoves''', [[bower]]s, [[grotto]]s, rural-[[seat]]s, &c. at the termination of different [[walk]]s.”[[#MMahon_cite|back up to History]]
[[File:0960.jpg|thumb|Fig. 5, John J. Thomas, “Plan of a Garden,” in ''Cultivator'' 9, no. 1 (January 1842): 22, fig. 8.]]
*<div id="Horticultural_Register"></div>Anonymous, April 1, 1837, “Landscape Gardening” (''Horticultural Register'' 3: 129)<ref>Anonymous, “Landscape Gardening,” ''Horticultural Register, and Gardener’s Magazine'' 3 (April 1, 1837): 121–31, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TBFISAR7 view on Zotero.]</ref> [[#Horticultural_Register_cite|back up to discussion]]
:“Architectural and other ornaments may be introduced, according to the means of the proprietor. When properly distributed they add much to the effect. [[Seat]]s and [[arbor]]s should be placed at points affording interesting [[view]]s, '''alcoves''' and rotundas on [[eminence]]s, and [[hermitage]]s in secluded places.”[[#Horticultural_Register_cite|back up to History]]
Image:1688.jpg|William and John Halfpenny, “A [[Chinese_manner|Chinese]] '''Alcove''' Seat Fronting Four Ways,” in ''Rural Architecture in the [[Chinese_manner|Chinese]] Taste'' (1755), pl. 8.
Image:0461.jpg|[[Samuel Vaughan]], Plan of Bath ([[Berkeley_Springs|[Berkeley Springs]]) ] Virginia, 1787, from the diary of Samuel Vaughan, June—September 1787. In the plan to the right, the notation “cc” denotes three alcoves with seats, positioned between dressing rooms (“b”) and two long narrow [[piazza]]s (“bb”).
Image:1702.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], “'''Alcoves''',” in ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 356, fig. 331.

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Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design
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