==Overview==
'''Site Dates:''': 1675&ndash;1865 1675—1865<br/>'''Site Owner:''': Stephen Bull (d. 1706); William Bull (1683&ndash;17551683—1755); [[William Bull II]] (1710&ndash;17911710—1791); William Stephen Bull (1784&ndash;18181784—1818); William Izard Bull (1813&ndash;18941813—1894) <br/>'''Associated People:''': Mark Catesby (1683&ndash;17491683—1749, naturalist) <br/>'''Location:''': West Ashley, South Carolina <br/>'''Condition:''' altered<br/>[https://www.google.com/maps/place/Ashley+Hall+Plantation+Rd,+Charleston,+SC+29407/@32.8206131,-80.0249754,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x88fe7c8bde5fc747:0x205abbf22aba558d View on Google Mapsmaps]<br/> <hr>
==History==
[[File:0223.jpg|thumb|Fig. 1, Charles Fraser, ''Ashley Hall'', 1803.]]
[[File:0507.jpg|thumb|Fig. 2, Charles Fraser, ''Another View of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803.]]
The origins of Ashley Hall date from 1670, when Stephen Bull (d. 1706) arrived in Carolina with the intention of trading British millinery goods with Native Americans.<ref>Geraldine M. Meroney, ''Inseparable Loyalty: A Biography of William Bull'' (Norcross, GA: The Harrison Company, 1991), 6—8, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA view on Zotero].</ref> He also served as deputy to Lord Ashley (1621—1683), one of the eight Lords Proprietor of the Province of Carolina. Among the earliest English settlers in the colony, Bull assisted in selecting the site of Charles Town (later, Charleston), and helped found the first permanent European settlement there.<ref>Michael O. Hartley, ''The Ashley River: A Survey of Seventeenth Century Sites'', Research Manuscript Series, Book 184 (Columbia, SC: South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, 1984), 57, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/KD3GH3QU view on Zotero].</ref> Appointed surveyor of South Carolina in 1673, he laid out new fortification lines around Charleston in 1674 and was appointed surveyor general ten years later.<ref>B. H. Levy, “Savannah’s Bull Street: The Man Behind Its Name,” ''Georgia Historical Quarterly'' 71 (Summer 1987): 287–88, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT view on Zotero]; ''Ashley Hall Plantation'' (Columbia, SC: United States Department of the Interior National Park Service, 1975), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero]; Thomas Gamble, “Colonel William Bull—His Part in the Founding of Savannah,” ''Georgia Historical Quarterly'' 17 (June 1933): 113, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW view on Zotero].</ref> Bull played a prominent role in many aspects of Carolina government and military affairs, establishing a precedent followed by subsequent generations of his family. He also paved the way for them in his enthusiastic pursuit of science, engineering, agriculture, exploration, and diplomatic relations with the Indian population.<ref>Kinloch Bull Jr., ''The Oligarchs in Colonial and Revolutionary Charleston: Lieutenant Governor William Bull II and His Family'' (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/8BF8SNPN view on Zotero]; Levy 1987, 286–96, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT view on Zotero]; Walter B. Edgar and N. Louise Bailey, ''Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of Representatives'', 5 vols. (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1977), 2: 115–16, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/G89DVTV3 view on Zotero]; Gamble 1933, 112–13, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW view on Zotero].</ref>
[[File:0223.jpg|thumb|left|Fig. 1Bull settled on land a few miles west of peninsular Charleston along a wide river, Charles Fraser, ''later named the Ashley Hall'', 1803.]]The origins In 1676 he received a formal grant of Ashley Hall date from 1670400 acres there, when Stephen Bull (d. 1706) arrived and an additional 100 acres of adjoining property in Carolina with the intention of trading British millinery goods with Native Americans1694.<ref>Geraldine Bull’s son William would acquire an additional 500 acres in 1707, as well as properties in nearby Granville County, which yielded his principal source of income. See Henry A. M. MeroneySmith, “The Upper Ashley; and the Mutations of Families, ''Inseparable Loyalty: A Biography of William BullSouth Carolina Historical and Geneaological Magazine''20 (Norcross, GAJuly 1919): The Harrison Company, 1991), 6&ndash;8193, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA MIFTQ36J view on Zotero].</ref> He also served as deputy to Lord Ashley (1621&ndash;1683), one of the eight Lords Proprietor of the Province of Carolina. Among the earliest English settlers in the colony, Henry DeSaussure Bull assisted in selecting the site of Charles Town (later, Charleston), and helped found the first permanent European settlement there.<ref>Michael O. Hartley“Ashley Hall Plantation, ''The Ashley River: A Survey of Seventeenth Century SitesSouth Carolina Historical Magazine'', Research Manuscript Series, Book 184 53 (Columbia, S.C.April 1952): South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, 1984), 5761, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/keywords_in_early_american_landscape_design/items/itemKey/KD3GH3QU SPT8JW7G view on Zotero].</ref> Appointed surveyor of South Carolina in 1673, he laid out new fortification lines around Charleston in 1674 and was appointed surveyor general ten years laterS.<ref>BSalley Jr. H. Levy, "Savannah’s “The Bull Street: The Man Behind Its NameFamily of South Carolina," ''The Georgia South Carolina Historical Quarterlyand Genealogical Magazine'' 71 1 (Summer 1987January 1900): 287&ndash;28876—77, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT UMNXUMGU view on Zotero]; .</ref> Bull pioneered the cultivation of rice on his [[plantation]], and also conducted some of Carolina’s earliest agricultural experiments in growing tobacco, indigo, ginger, and potatoes.<ref>''Ashley Hall Plantation'' (Columbia, SC: United States Department of the Interior National Park Service, 1975), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero]; Thomas Gamble.</ref> The small, one-story, "Colonel William Bull&mdash;His Part tabby-walled house that he built c. 1675—one of the oldest extant buildings in South Carolina—was succeeded in the Founding of Savannah1704 by a larger, but still quite modest two-story brick house, built for his son," ''The Georgia Historical Quarterly'' 17 William (June 19331683—1755): 113[Fig. 1].<ref>Meroney 1991, 2 and 11, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW ZDU4XXDA view on Zotero].</ref> Bull played a prominent role in many aspects of Carolina government and military affairs, establishing a precedent followed by subsequent generations of his family. He also paved the way for them in his enthusiastic pursuit of science, engineering, agriculture, exploration, and diplomatic relations with the Indian population.<ref>Kinloch Bull Jr., ''The Oligarchs in Colonial and Revolutionary Charleston: Lieutenant Governor William ; Bull II and His Family'' (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press1952, 1991)61—62, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/8BF8SNPN SPT8JW7G view on Zotero]; Levy 1987, 286&ndash;296''Ashley Hall'' 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT QTGI37VX view on Zotero]; Walter B. Edgar and N. Louise Bailey, ''Biographical Directory </ref> William Bull’s activities resembled those of his father in that the South Carolina House younger Bull served in a number of Representatives''important official capacities, 5 vols. including Lord Proprietor’s deputy (Columbia1719), SC: University Commissioner of South Carolina PressIndian Affairs (1721), and lieutenant governor (1737—1755). A trained surveyor, he assisted General James Edward Oglethorpe (1696—1784) in settling Georgia and selecting the site of Savannah.<ref>Edgar and Bailey 1977), 2: 115&ndash;116120–22, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/G89DVTV3 view on Zotero]; Gamble 1933Salley 1900, 112&ndash;11377—78, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW UMNXUMGU view on Zotero].</ref>[[File:0507.jpg|thumb|Fig. 2, Charles Fraser, ''Another View of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803.]]
[[File:2093.jpg|thumb|left|Fig. 3, Mark Catesby, "“''Ilex cassine L. dahoon''," in ''The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands'' (1754), vol. 1, pl. 31.]]Bull settled on land a few miles west of peninsular In 1722 English naturalist Mark Catesby visited him at Ashley Hall, and, according to the Charleston along a wide riverartist [[Charles Fraser]], later named the Ashley. In 1676 he received a formal grant Catesby “planted by his hand” an [[avenue]] of 400 acres there, and live oaks leading from an additional 100 acres [[orchard]] of adjoining property in 1694pear trees to the house [Fig. 2].<ref>Bull's son, William BullCharles Fraser, would acquire an additional 500 acres in 1707, as well as properties in nearby Granville County, which yielded his principal source of income. See Henry A. M. Smith, "The Upper Ashley; and the Mutations of Families," ''The South Carolina Historical and Geneaological MagazineReminiscences of Charleston'' 20 (July 1919): 193Charleston, [httpsSC://www.zoteroJ.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/MIFTQ36J view on Zotero]; Henry DeSaussure BullRussell, "Ashley Hall Plantation1854)," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 53 (April 1952): 6168, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VIMR65QVA VTRNRRX8 view on Zotero]. S. Salley Jr.; Hartley 1984, "The Bull Family of South Carolina," ''The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'' 1 (January 1900): 76&ndash;7759, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/UMNXUMGU KD3GH3QU view on Zotero].</ref> Bull pioneered In the cultivation first volume of rice on his [[plantation]]''Natural History'', Catesby illustrated the evergreen dahoon holly (''illex Cassine L.''), and also conducted some of which he described as “a very uncommon Plant in ''Carolina's earliest agricultural experiments in growing tobacco', indigo, ginger, and potatoesI having never seen it but at Col.<ref>''Bull’s'' Plantation on ''Ashley Hall'' 1975River, where it grows in a Bog” [https://www.zoteroFig.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero3].</ref> Mark Laird, “From Callicarpa to Catalpa: The smallImpact of Mark Catesby’s Plant Introductions on English Gardens of the Eighteenth Century, one-story” in ''Empire’s Vision: Mark Catesby’s New World Vision'', tabby-walled house that he built ced. Amy R. W. 1675&mdash;one Meyers and Margaret Beck Pritchard (Chapel Hill: University of the oldest extant buildings in South North Carolina&mdash;was succeeded in 1704 by a largerPress, but still quite modest two-story brick house, built for his son, William (1683&ndash;17551998) [Fig. 1].<ref>Meroney 1991, 2, 11207, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA VIMR65QV view on Zotero]; Bull 1952, 61&ndash;62, [https://www.zotero.org</groups/54737/items/itemKey/SPT8JW7G view on Zotero]; ''ref> Fifteen years later, the Anglican divine John Wesley noted other rarities at Ashley Hall'' 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero].<span id="Wesley_cite"></refspan> William Bull resembled his father in serving Declaring the estate “the pleasantest place I have yet seen in a number of important official capacities, including Lord Proprietor's deputy (1719), Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1721), and lieutenant governor (1737&ndash;1755). A trained surveyorAmerica, he assisted General James Edward Oglethorpe (1696&ndash;1784) in settling Georgia observed that the [[orchard]] and selecting the site garden abounded with “those sorts of Savannah.<ref>Edgar trees and plants and Bailey 1977, 2: 120&ndash;122flowers which are esteemed in England, ” but which American colonists rarely took the trouble to cultivate ([[https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/G89DVTV3 #Wesley|view on Zoterotext]; Salley 1900, 77&ndash;78, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/UMNXUMGU view on Zotero]).</ref>
[[File:0552.jpg|thumb|right|Fig. 4, Charles Fraser, ''Monument of Lieutenant Governor Bull'' (Ashley Hall), c. 1800.]]
In 1722 English naturalist 1742 William Bull transferred much of the Ashley Hall property (including the two houses) to his son, [[Mark CatesbyWilliam Bull II]] visited him at Ashley Hall, who in 1770 laid out gardens interlaced with serpentine paths between the house and the water’s edge.<ref>Meroney 1991, 2 and11, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA view on Zotero].</ref> A long, according to straight [[avenue]] bisected the Charleston artist garden, affording an uninterrupted [[Charles Fraservista]], of the Ashley river and the city of Charleston beyond. It may have been at this time that broad [[Mark Catesby|Catesbylawn]] "s were planted by his hand" an on either side of Catesby’s oak-lined [[avenue]] of live oaks leading from an . A [[orchardlake]] of pear bounded by cypress trees lay to one side of the house , abutting an open [Fig[park]] and elk and [[deer park]]s. 2The property also featured a pool encircled by cypress trees and a [[statue]] of Diana atop a prehistoric Indian [[mound]].<ref>[[Charles Fraser]]For a reconstruction of the garden, based on “considerable data and a few sketches,” see Loutrel Winslow Briggs, ''Reminiscences of CharlestonGardens'' (Charleston, SCColumbia: J. RussellUniversity of South Carolina Press, 18541951), 68106–7, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VTRNRRX8 A3NA59DZ view on Zotero]; Hartley 1984. See also Bull 1952, 5962, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/keywords_in_early_american_landscape_design/items/itemKey/KD3GH3QU SPT8JW7G view on Zotero].</ref> In the first volume of Following [[William Bull II|Bull’s]] death in 1791, his ''Natural History'', Catesby illustrated the evergreen dahoon holly (''illex Cassine L.''), which he described as "widow erected a very uncommon Plant monumental [[obelisk]] in ''Carolina'', I having never seen it but at Col. ''Bull's'' Plantation his memory on ''Ashley'' River, where it grows in a Bog" the grounds [Fig. 34].<ref>Mark Laird, "From Callicarpa to Catalpa: The Impact of Mark Catesby's Plant Introductions on English Gardens of the Eighteenth CenturyBull 1952," in ''Empire’s Vision: Mark Catesby's New World Vision'', eds. Amy R. W. Meyers and Margaret Beck Pritchard (Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998), 20766, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VIMR65QV SPT8JW7G view on Zotero].</ref> Fifteen years later, the Anglican divine [[John Wesley]] noted other rarities at Ashley Hall. <span id="Wesley_cite"></span>Declaring the estate "the pleasantest place I have yet seen in America," he observed that the [[orchard]] and garden abounded with "those sorts of trees and plants and flowers which are esteemed in England," but which American colonists rarely took the trouble to cultivate ([[#Wesley|view text]]).
In 1742 William Bull transferred much of Ashley Hall’s strategic riverine location exposed it to abuse during the Revolutionary War. Errant British troops “plundered and greatly damaged” the Ashley Hall property in June 1777. Five years later, the Continental Army general Nathaneal Greene (including the two houses1742—1786) to commandeered Ashley Hall as his son, [[William Bull II]], who in 1770 laid out gardens interlaced with serpentine paths between the house and the water's edgeheadquarters.<ref>Geraldine M. Meroney 1991, 2“William Bull’s First Exile from South Carolina, 111777—1781,” ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 80 (April 1979): 91—104, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA F3DT2VK8 view on Zotero].</ref> A long; Henry Lumpkin, straight [[avenue]] bisected the garden, affording an uninterrupted [[vista]] of the Ashley river and the city of Charleston beyond. It may have been at this time that broad [[lawn]]s were planted on either side of [[Mark Catesby|Catesby's]] oak-lined [[avenue]]. A [[lake]] bounded by cypress trees lay 'From Savannah to one side of the house, abutting an open [[park]] and elk and [[deer park]]s. Yorktown: The property also featured a pool encircled by cypress trees and a [[statue]] of Diana atop a prehistoric Indian [[mound]].<ref>For a reconstruction of American Revolution in the garden, based on "considerable data and a few sketches," see Loutrel Winslow Briggs, ''Charleston GardensSouth'' (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 19511981), 106&ndash56, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/F9H2RMSF view on Zotero];107C. Harrison Dwight, “Count Rumford: His Majesty’s Colonel in Carolina,” ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 57 (January 1956): 27, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/A3NA59DZ BMZ8FVF7 view on Zotero]. See also </ref> The last member of the Bull family to own Ashley Hall, Col. William Izard Bull 1952, 62added a [[piazza]] and circular red stone steps to the house in 1853.<ref>''Ashley Hall'' 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VIMR65QV QTGI37VX view on Zotero].</ref> Following An English visitor reported spending “a delightful day” with Col. Bull at Ashley Hall in 1863, “roaming over cotton-fields and rice [[William Bull II|Bull'plantation]]s, [[woods]] death in 1791, his widow erected a monumental and ‘[[park]]-like [[obeliskmeadow]] s,’ studded with the most magnificent live oaks,” and sampling the indigenous Scuppernong grapes that grew in his memory on the grounds garden.<ref>Fitzgerald Ross, “A Visit to the Cities and Camps of the Confederate States, 1863—65,” ''Blackwood’s Magazine'' 97 (January 1865): 31, [Fighttps://www. 4zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/3JI6MXMR view on Zotero].</ref> Bull intentionally set the house on fire during the winter of 1865, destroying the building and all of its contents, rather than allow his ancestral home to be desecrated by approaching Union troops.<ref>Bull 1952, 66, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/SPT8JW7G view on Zotero].</ref>
Ashley Hall's strategic riverine location exposed it to abuse during the Revolutionary War. Errant British troops "plundered and greatly damaged" the property in June 1777. Five years later, the Continental Army general Nathaneal Greene (1742&ndash;1786) commandeered Ashley Hall as his headquarters.<ref>Geraldine M. Meroney, "William Bull's First Exile from South Carolina, 1777&ndash;1781," Robyn Asleson''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 80 (April 1979): 91&ndash;104, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/F3DT2VK8 view on Zotero]; Henry Lumpkin, ''From Savannah to Yorktown: The American Revolution in the South'' (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1981), 56, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/F9H2RMSF view on Zotero]; C. Harrison Dwight, "Count Rumford: His Majesty’s Colonel in Carolina," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 57 (January 1956): 27, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/BMZ8FVF7 view on Zotero].</ref> The last member of the Bull family to own Ashley Hall, Col. William Izard Bull, added a [[piazza]] and circular red stone steps to the house in 1853.<ref>"Ashley Hall," 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero].</ref> An English visitor reported spending "a delightful day" with Col. Bull at Ashley Hall in 1863, "roaming over cotton-fields and rice [[plantation]]s, [[woods]], and '[[park]]-like [[meadows]],' studded with the most magnificent live oaks," and sampling the indigenous Scuppernong grapes that grew in the garden.<ref>Fitzgerald Ross, "A Visit to the Cities and Camps of the Confederate States, 1863&ndash;65," ''Blackwood’s Magazine'' 97 (January 1865): 31, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/3JI6MXMR view on Zotero].</ref> Bull intentionally set the house on fire during the winter of 1865, destroying the building and all of its contents, rather than allow his ancestral home to be desecrated by approaching Union troops.<ref>Bull 1952, 66, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/SPT8JW7G view on Zotero].</ref>
—''Robyn Asleson''<hr>
==Texts==
* <div id="Wesley"></div>Wesley, John, April 15, 1737, journal entry (1909: 1:348)<ref> John Wesley, ''The Journal of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M., Sometime Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford,'' ed. Nehemiah Curnock, 8 vols. (New York/Chicago: Eaton & Mains/Jennings & Graham, 1909), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/XGDQ7CPK view on Zotero].</ref>
* <div id="Wesley"></div>Wesley, John, April 15, 1737, journal entry (1909: 1: 348)“I walked over to Ashley Ferry,<ref> John Wesleytwelve miles from Charlestown, ''The Journal of the Rev. John Wesleyand thence, A.M., Sometime Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford,'' ed. Nehemiah Curnockto Colonel Bull’s [[seat]], 8 volstwo miles farther. (New York/Chicago: Eaton & Mains/Jennings & Graham, 1909), This is the pleasantest place I have yet seen in America; the [[https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/XGDQ7CPK view on Zoteroorchard]]and garden being full of most of those sorts of trees and plants and flowers which are esteemed in England, but which the laziness of the Americans seldom suffers them to raise.</ref> [[#Wesley_cite|back up to historyHistory]]
:"I walked over to Ashley Ferry, twelve miles from Charlestown, and thence, . . . to Colonel Bull's [[seat]], two miles farther. This is the pleasantest place I have yet seen in America; the [[orchard]] and garden being full of most of those sorts of trees and plants and flowers which are esteemed in England, but which the laziness of the Americans seldom suffers them to raise."
*[[Charles Fraser|Fraser, Charles]], ''Reminiscences of Charleston,'' 1853 (1854: 68)<ref> Fraser 1854, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VTRNRRX8 view on Zotero].</ref>
*:“[William Bull], the first Governor, had entertained Catesby, the celebrated naturalist, at the family [[Charles Fraser|Fraser, Charlesseat]], ''Reminiscences of Charleston'', 1853 (1854: 68)<ref> Fraser 1854at Ashley river, where there is now a majestic [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/VTRNRRX8 view on Zotero[avenue]]of oaks, said to have been planted by his hand.</ref>
:"[William Bull], the first Governor, had entertained [[Mark Catesby|Catesby]], the celebrated naturalist, at the family [[seat]], at Ashley river, where there is now a majestic [[avenue]] of oaks, said to have been planted by his hand."<hr>
==Images==
Image:0223.jpg|Charles Fraser, ''Ashley Hall'', 1803.
Image:0507.jpg|Charles Fraser, ''Another [[View ]] of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803. Image:2015.jpg|Henrietta Augusta Drayton, "Ashley Hall," rear view and outbuildings, c. 1820.
Image:20162015.jpg|Henrietta Augusta Drayton, "Ashley “Ashley Hall," river side with obelisk in yard” rear [[view]] and outbuildings, c. 1820.
Image:20932016.jpg|Mark CatesbyHenrietta Augusta Drayton, "Ilex cassine L. dahoon," in ''The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama IslandsAshley Hall'' (1754), vol. 1river side with [[obelisk]] in [[yard]], plc. 311820.
Image:2093.jpg|Mark Catesby, “Ilex cassine L. dahoon,” in ''The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands'' (1754), vol. 1, pl. 31.
</gallery>
==Map== {{#display_map: Ashley Hall Plantation, United States| service=google| enablefullscreen=yes}}<hr>
==Other Resources==
 
[http://south-carolina-plantations.com/charleston/ashley-hall.html South Carolina Plantations]
[http://www.loc.gov/pictures/search/?q=%22ashley%20hall%22 Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Collection]
 
<hr>
==Notes==
<references/>
<hr> [[Category:SitesPlaces]]

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