Samuel Vaughan (1720 – 1803) created the first park in the U.S. Located at the State House in Philadelphia, the design celebrated native species and Federal Era values. An English merchant, Vaughan also completed one of the best-known historic plans of the garden at Mount Vernon (1787).
--Emily T. Cooperman
The Cultural Landscape Foundation
- Vaughan, Samuel, 1787, describing Mount Vernon, plantation of George Washington, Fairfax County, Va. (quoted in Norton and Schrage-Norton 1985: 142)
- “Before the front of the house . . . there are lawns, surrounded with gravel walks 19 feet wide. with trees on each side the larger, for shade. out- side the walks trees & shrubberies. Parralel [sic] to each exterior side a Kitchen Gardens. with a stately hot house on one side.” [Fig. 4]
Samuel Vaughan, Mount Vernon, The Home of Washington. Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, Mount Vernon, VA. Secondary Artist: R. von Glümer.
Samuel Vaughan, "Warm or Berkeley Springs, in Virginia" (June to September 1787). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Samuel Vaughan, Plan of the buildings and grounds of Mount Vernon (1787). Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, Mount Vernon, VA.
Samuel Vaughan, Sketch plan of Mount Vernon (1787). Mount Vernon Ladies Association, Mount Vernon, VA.
Samuel Vaughan, Plan of Bath, Warm or Berkeley Springs (1787). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
The Cultural Landscape Foundation: http://tclf.org/pioneer/samuel-vaughan/biography-samuel-vaughan
The Massachusetts Historical Society: http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0040
- Norton, John D., and Susanne A. Schrage-Norton. 1985. The Upper Garden at Mount Vernon Estate—Its Past, Present, and Future: A Reflection on 18th Century Gardening. Phase II: The Complete Report. Bound typescript. Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association Library. View on Zotero