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History of Early American Landscape Design

Mount Vernon

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Alternate Names: Little Hunting Creek Plantation

Site Dates:

Site Owner(s): George Washington

Site Designer(s): George Washington

Alexandria, VA
View on Google maps

Associated Sites:

Associated Terms: Ancient Style, Arcade, Avenue, Botanic garden, Bowling green, Clump, Deer park, Drive, Eminence, Flower garden, Fountain, French style, Greenhouse, Grove, Ha-Ha/Sunk fence, Hedge, Kitchen garden, Labyrinth, Lawn, Mound/Mount, Nursery, Orchard, Piazza/Veranda/Porch/Portico, Picturesque, Plantation, Plot/Plat, Pot, Quarter, Shrubbery, Square, Sundial, View/Vista, Wall, Wilderness, Wood/Woods

Associated Texts

Johnson, Gerald W. Mount Vernon: The Story of a Shrine. New York: Random House, 1953.

Norton, John D., and Susanne A. Schrage-Norton. “The Upper Garden at Mount Vernon Estate-Its Past, Present, and Future: A Reflection on 18th Century Gardening. Phase II: The Complete Report”. Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association Library, 1985.

Pogue, Dennis J. “Archaeological Investigations at the ‘Vineyard Inclosure’ (44Fx763/4) Mount Vernon Plantation, Mount Vernon, Virginia”. Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, Archaeology Department, File Report 3, 1992.

———. “Mount Vernon: Transformation of an Eighteenth-Century Plantation System.” In Historical Archaeology of the Chesapeake, edited by Barbara J. Little and Paul A. Shackel. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Riley, John P. The Icehouses and Their Operations at Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon, Va.: Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, 1989



  • Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1840, quoting an early visitor's description of Mount Vernon, plantation of George Washington, Fairfax County, Va. ([1840] 1971: 263)[1]
At the extremity of these extensive alleys and pleasure-grounds, ornamented with fruit-trees and shrubbery, and clothed in perennial verdure, stands two hothouses, and as many green-houses, situated in the sunniest part of the garden, and shielded from the northern winds by a long range of wooden buildings for the accommodation of servants.


Library of Congress Authority: http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85087766 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Vernon
Official website: http://www.mountvernon.org/
National Historic Landmarks Program: http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=636&ResourceType=Building


  1. Willis, Nathaniel Parker. [1840] 1971. American Scenery, or Land, Lake and River Illustrations of Transatlantic Nature. Reprint, Barre, Mass.: Imprint Society. view on Zotero

Retrieved from "https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Mount_Vernon&oldid=1890"

History of Early American Landscape Design contributors, "Mount Vernon," History of Early American Landscape Design, , https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Mount_Vernon&oldid=1890 (accessed October 1, 2023).

A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

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