A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art
History of Early American Landscape Design

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Welcome to the History of Early American Landscape Design Database.

The site provides information about the history of gardens in America, from the early colonial period to around 1850, to an audience of scholars and specialists. The goal of this site is not only provide a database of information about, for example, particular sites, images or people, but to provide a large corpus of textual and visual data that can be comparatively examined by scholars, enabling them to investigate landscapes in dynamic contexts and via materials which are rare and difficult to access. Because of the flexible nature of the online format, scholars will be able to consider landscapes as part of a larger set of processes--social, economic, political--rather than only as static sites.

This site is a companion to the publication Keywords in American Landscape Design (Yale University Press, 2010).

About this Site

Project Introduction

Statement on Authorities

Project Bibliography

Credits

Keywords

Alcove
Alley
Ancient style
Arbor
Arboretum
Arcade
Arch
Avenue
Aviary/Bird cage/Birdhouse
Basin
Bath/Bathhouse
Bed
Beehive
Belvedere/Prospect tower/Observatory
Border
Botanic garden
Bower
Bowling green
Bridge
Canal
Cascade/Cataract/Waterfall
Cemetery/Burying ground/Burial ground
Chinese manner
Clump
Column/Pillar
Common
Conservatory
Copse
Deer park
Dovecote/Pigeon house
Drive
Dutch style
Edging
Eminence
English style
Espalier
Fall/Falling garden
Fence
Ferme ornée/Ornamental farm
Flower garden
Fountain
French style
Gardenesque
Gate/Gateway
Geometric style
Green
Greenhouse
Grotto
Grove
Ha-Ha/Sunk fence
Hedge
Hermitage
Hothouse
Icehouse
Jet
Kitchen garden
Labyrinth
Lake/Pond
Landscape gardening
Lawn
Mall
Meadow
Modern style/Natural style
Mound/Mount
Nursery
Obelisk
Orangery
Orchard
Park
Parterre
Pavilion
Piazza/Veranda/Porch/Portico
Picturesque
Plantation
Pleasure ground/Pleasure garden
Plot/Plat
Pot
Promenade
Prospect
Public garden/Public ground
Quarter
Rockwork/Rockery
Rustic style
Seat
Shrubbery
Square
Statue
Summerhouse
Sundial
Temple
Terrace/Slope
Thicket
Trellis
Vase/Urn
View/Vista
Walk
Wall
Wilderness
Wood/Woods
Yard

Getting started

Retrieved from "https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Home&oldid=2427"

History of Early American Landscape Design contributors, "Home," History of Early American Landscape Design, , https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Home&oldid=2427 (accessed October 22, 2021).

A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

National Gallery of Art, Washington