A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art
History of Early American Landscape Design


[http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/research/casva/research-projects.html A Project of the National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts ]
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Welcome to the Database of Early American Landscape Design.

The site provides information about the history of gardens in America, from the early colonial period to around 1850, to an audience of scholars and specialists. The goal of this site is not only provide a database of information about, for example, particular sites, images or people, but to provide a large corpus of textual and visual data that can be comparatively examined by scholars, enabling them to investigate landscapes in dynamic contexts and via materials which are rare and difficult to access. Because of the flexible nature of the online format, scholars will be able to consider landscapes as part of a larger set of processes--social, economic, political--rather than only as static sites.

This site is a companion to the publication Keywords in American Landscape Design (Yale University Press, 2010).


Alcove Alley Ancient style Arbor Arboretum Arcade Arch Avenue Aviary/Bird cage/Birdhouse Basin Bath/Bathhouse Bed Beehive Belvedere/Prospect tower/Observatory Border Botanic garden Bower Bowling green Bridge Canal Cascade/Cataract/Waterfall Cemetery/Burying ground/Burial ground Chinese manner Clump Column/Pillar Common Conservatory Copse Deer park Dovecote/Pigeon house Drive Dutch style Edging Eminence English style Espalier Fall/Falling garden Fence Ferme ornée/Ornamental farm Flower garden Fountain French style Gardenesque Gate/Gateway Geometric style Green Greenhouse Grotto Grove Ha-Ha/Sunk fence Hedge Hermitage Hothouse Icehouse Jet Kitchen garden Labyrinth Lake/Pond Landscape gardening Lawn Mall Meadow Modern style/Natural style Mound/Mount Nursery Obelisk Orangery Orchard Park Parterre Pavilion Piazza/Veranda/Porch/Portico Picturesque Plantation Pleasure ground/Pleasure garden Plot/Plat Pot Promenade Prospect Public garden/Public ground Quarter Rockwork/Rockery Rustic style Seat Shrubbery Square Statue Summerhouse Sundial Temple Terrace/Slope Thicket Trellis Vase/Urn View/Vista Walk Wall Wilderness Wood/Woods Yard

Getting started

Retrieved from "https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Home&oldid=106"

History of Early American Landscape Design contributors, "Home," History of Early American Landscape Design, , https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Home&oldid=106 (accessed November 27, 2022).

A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

National Gallery of Art, Washington