A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art
History of Early American Landscape Design

Difference between revisions of "Benjamin Henry Latrobe"

[http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/research/casva/research-projects.html A Project of the National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts ]
Line 26: Line 26:
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
  
Image:0086.jpg|Latrobe, Green Spring. Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0086.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Green Spring. Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:1920.jpg|Latrobe, Venus Flycatcher. The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
+
Image:1920.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Venus Flycatcher. The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
===1790s===
 
===1790s===
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
Image:0563.jpg|Latrobe, "View of the North Front of Belvidere, Richmond" (late 1790s). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0563.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "View of the North Front of Belvidere, Richmond" (late 1790s). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:1731.jpg|Latrobe, "Horsdumonde, the House of Colonel Henry Skipwith, Cumberland County, Virginia" (June 14, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:1731.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Horsdumonde, the House of Colonel Henry Skipwith, Cumberland County, Virginia" (June 14, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0087.jpg|Latrobe, "View of Mount Vernon to the North" (July 17, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0087.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "View of Mount Vernon to the North" (July 17, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0088.jpg|Latrobe, "View to the North from the Lawn at Mount Vernon" (1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0088.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "View to the North from the Lawn at Mount Vernon" (1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0089.jpg|Latrobe, "View of Mount Vernon looking towards the South West" (1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0089.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "View of Mount Vernon looking towards the South West" (1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:1296.jpg|Latrobe, "Sketch of the House of Mr. Francis Eps on the Appomattox" (June 16, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:1296.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Sketch of the House of Mr. Francis Eps on the Appomattox" (June 16, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:1041.jpg|Latrobe, Sketch plan of serpentine walks at Mount Vernon (July 19, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:1041.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Sketch plan of serpentine walks at Mount Vernon (July 19, 1796). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0084.jpg|Latrobe, "Sketch of <u>Airy Plain</u>, Estate" (1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0084.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Sketch of <u>Airy Plain</u>, Estate" (1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0458.jpg|Latrobe, "Sketch of Col'l. John Mayo's house at the Hermitage near Richmond, Virginia" (July 10, 1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0458.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Sketch of Col'l. John Mayo's house at the Hermitage near Richmond, Virginia" (July 10, 1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0085.jpg|Latrobe, "York River, looking N.W. up to West Point" (1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
+
Image:0085.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "York River, looking N.W. up to West Point" (1797). Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD.
Image:0058.jpg|Latrobe, House Plan With Gardens (c. 1798). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0058.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], House Plan With Gardens (c. 1798). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0059.jpg|Latrobe, ''Garden temple/milkhouse: plan and elevation'' (1798-99). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0059.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], ''Garden temple/milkhouse: plan and elevation'' (1798-99). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0062.jpg|Latrobe, Studies of Trees (1798-99). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
+
Image:0062.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Studies of Trees (1798-99). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
Image:0060.jpg|Latrobe, "Taste. Anno 1620" (1799). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
+
Image:0060.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Taste. Anno 1620" (1799). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
Image:0061.jpg|Latrobe, Studies of Trees (1799). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
+
Image:0061.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Studies of Trees (1799). The Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA.
Image:0083.jpg|Latrobe, Sedgeley (1799). Fairmount Park Commission, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA.
+
Image:0083.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Sedgeley (1799). Fairmount Park Commission, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA.
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
Line 53: Line 53:
  
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
 
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="4">
Image:0412.jpg|Latrobe, "Principal Story of a Military School," 1800. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0412.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Principal Story of a Military School," 1800. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0413.jpg|Latrobe, ''Military academy. North elevation, rendered'' (1800). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0413.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], ''Military academy. North elevation, rendered'' (1800). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0594.jpg|Latrobe, Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (1803). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0594.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (1803). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0086.jpg|Latrobe, Plan of the grounds of the White House (c. 1807). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0086.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Plan of the grounds of the White House (c. 1807). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0610.jpg|Latrobe, "View of the East front of the President's House, with the additions of the North & South Porticos" (1807). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0610.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "View of the East front of the President's House, with the additions of the North & South Porticos" (1807). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:1952.jpg|Latrobe, House, Richmond, Virginia. Site plan and landscaping. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:1952.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], House, Richmond, Virginia. Site plan and landscaping. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0159.jpg|Latrobe, United States Capitol (c. 1814-20). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0159.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], United States Capitol (c. 1814-20). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0035.jpg|Latrobe, Plan of the Capitol Ground (1815). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0035.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Plan of the Capitol Ground (1815). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:1237.jpg|Latrobe, "General Plan of a Marine Asylum and Hospital proposed to be built at Washington" (1815-16). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:1237.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "General Plan of a Marine Asylum and Hospital proposed to be built at Washington" (1815-16). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
 
Image:0414.jpg|Latrobe, "Plan of the West end of the public appropriation in the city of Washington, called the Mall . . ." (1816). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
 
Image:0414.jpg|Latrobe, "Plan of the West end of the public appropriation in the city of Washington, called the Mall . . ." (1816). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0404.jpg|Latrobe, "Elevation of the South front of the President's house, copied from the design as proposed to be altered in 1807" (January 1817). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
+
Image:0404.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Elevation of the South front of the President's house, copied from the design as proposed to be altered in 1807" (January 1817). Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Image:0934.jpg|Latrobe, Plan of the New Orleans, Louisiana Battleground [detail] (February 20, 1819).
+
Image:0934.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], Plan of the New Orleans, Louisiana Battleground [detail] (February 20, 1819).
Image:0063.jpg|Latrobe, "Plan of the public Square in the city of New Orleans, as proposed to be improved . . ." [detail] (March 20, 1819). Department of Public Works, New Orleans, LA.
+
Image:0063.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], "Plan of the public Square in the city of New Orleans, as proposed to be improved . . ." [detail] (March 20, 1819). Department of Public Works, New Orleans, LA.
Image:1475.jpg|Latrobe, General view of the Billiard Room, from the southeast (spring 1968). Photo by Cortlandt V. D. Hubbard. HABS Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC
+
Image:1475.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], General view of the Billiard Room, from the southeast (spring 1968). Photo by Cortlandt V. D. Hubbard. HABS Collection, Library of Congress, Washington, DC
 
   
 
   
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>

Revision as of 13:36, August 9, 2012

File:507px-Benjamin latrobe by peale.jpg
Charles Willson Peale, Portrait of Benjamin Henry Latrobe (1804)

Benjamin Henry Boneval Latrobe (May 1, 1764 – September 3, 1820) was a British-born American neoclassical architect best known for his design of the United States Capitol, along with his work on the Baltimore Basilica, the first Roman Catholic Cathedral in the United States. Latrobe was one of the first formally-trained, professional architects in the United States, drawing influences from his travels in Italy, as well as British and French Neoclassical architects such as Claude Nicolas Ledoux.


Associated Sites

Harper's Estate, Oakland, Place D'Armes (renamed Jackson Square), Sedgeley, United States Capitol, United States Navy Hospital and Asylum


Associated Terms

Ancient style, Basin, Canal, Clump, Column/Pillar, Flower Garden, French style, Gate/Gateway, Grove, Ha-Ha/Sunk fence, Landscape Gardening, Lawn, Mall, Obelisk, Parterre, Piazza/Veranda/Porch/Portico, Picturesque, Pleasure ground/Pleasure garden, Quarter, Square, Statue, Temple, Wood/Woods


Associated Texts

Carter II, Edward C., John C. Van Horne, and Charles E. Brownell. Latrobe’s View of America, 1795-1820: Selections from the Watercolors and Sketches. New Haven and London: Yale University Press for the Maryland Historical Society, 1985. view on Zotero

Hamlin, Talbot. Benjamin Henry Latrobe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1955. view on Zotero

Latrobe, Benjamin Henry. Impressions Respecting New Orleans: Diaries and Sketches, 1818-1820. Edited by Samuel Wilson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1951. view on Zotero

———. The Journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1799-1820: From Philadelphia to New Orleans. Edited by Edward C. Carter II, John C. Van Horne, and Lee W. Formwalt. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1980. view on Zotero

———. The Virginia Journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1795-1798. Edited by Edward C. Carter II. 2 vols. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1977. view on Zotero


Associated Images

not dated

1790s

1800s

References

http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79142786

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Latrobe

Architect of the Capitol website: http://www.aoc.gov/aoc/architects/latrobe.cfm/

University of Pennsylvania archives: http://www.archives.upenn.edu/people/1700s/latrobe_benj.html

Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/95858242/

Retrieved from "https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Benjamin_Henry_Latrobe&oldid=1825"

History of Early American Landscape Design contributors, "Benjamin Henry Latrobe," History of Early American Landscape Design, , https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Benjamin_Henry_Latrobe&oldid=1825 (accessed November 26, 2021).

A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

National Gallery of Art, Washington