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History of Early American Landscape Design

Anthony St. John Baker

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Anthony St. John Baker (1785-May 16, 1854), was the English diplomat who carried the Treaty of Ghent to the United States at the close of the War of 1812. During his years of official service in Europe and America, he recorded his impressions in written accounts as well as watercolor sketches, ultimately publishing the autobiographical Mémoires d’un voyageur qui se repose (Memoirs of a Traveler Now in Retirement) in 1850.

He arrived in America in 1811 to serve as British secretary of legation and immediately began writing the detailed accounts of people, places, and events that are now a rich source of historical information about early nineteenth-century America. When the British minister returned to England upon the declaration of war in 1812, Baker stayed on to act as agent for captured British prisoners.  [1]


Arboretum, Arcade, Avenue, Bowling Green, Conservatory, Deer Park, Fall/Falling Garden, Fence, Ha-Ha/Sunk fence, Lawn, Nursery, Park, Plantation, Square, Statue, Sundial, Terrace/Slope Wall



Riversdale, Mount Airy, White House

  1. James Stephen Krysiek, "The Diplomatic Career of Sir Charles Bagot. The Early Years: London, Paris, Washington, St. Petersburg (1807-1824)," Ph.D. dissertation, Marquette University, 1988, 182, view on Zotero; Ira Dye, "American Maritime Prisoners of War, 1812-1815," in Ships, Seafaring, and Society: Essays in Maritime History, ed. Timothy J. Runyan (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987), 306, view on Zotero; William H. Masterson, Tories and Democrats: British Diplomats in Pre-Jacksonian America (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1985), 150, 165, view on Zotero; Charles O. Paullin and Frederic L. Paxon, Guide to the Materials in London Archives for the History of the United States since 1783, Papers of the Department of Historical Research (Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1914), 35, 37, 39, view on Zotero.

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History of Early American Landscape Design contributors, "Anthony St. John Baker," History of Early American Landscape Design, , https://heald.nga.gov/mediawiki/index.php?title=Anthony_St._John_Baker&oldid=5938 (accessed March 30, 2023).

A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

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