Flower gardens also could be placed at some distance from the house. Batty Langley (1728), for example, advised situating the flower garden within a [[wilderness]]. At the [[seat]] of John Penn, near Philadelphia, the flower garden was located in a wooded area away from the mansion [Fig. 1]. This placement of the flower garden distinguished it from the [[parterre]], which, typically in the British and European context, was placed adjacent to the house. The 18th-century [[parterre]] used common plants, whereas the 18th-century flower garden was often devoted to exotic, unusual, or rare plants; hence [[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]] (1796) expressed disappointment in the flower garden at [[Mount Vernon]] because it contained “nothing very rare.” This “neat” layout arranged with precision met with [[Benjamin Henry Latrobe|Latrobe’s]] sarcasm as he described a [[parterre]] as “the expiring groans I hope of our Grandfather’s pedantry.” A sketch of [[John Bartram|John Bartram's]] famous garden depicts the botanist’s care and interest in “new flowers,” which were separated from the “common flower garden” [Fig. 2].
[[File:0056.jpg|thumb|right|Fig. 2, [[John Bartram|John]] or [[William Bartram]], ''"A Draught of [[Bartram_Botanic_Garden_and_Nursery|John Bartram’s House and Garden ]] as it appears from the River''", 1758. “New flower garden” upper left quadrant of the garden.]]
In England, long narrow [[bed]]s were associated with florists’ gardens, which were devoted to the cultivation of rare or “choice” flowers, also known as “florists’ flowers.” [[Bernard M’Mahon|Bernard M'Mahon's]] prescription in 1806 for a flower garden composed of narrow [[bed]]s and planted with bulbous and tuberous rooted flowers, “each sort principally in separate [[bed]]s,” suggests this English florist tradition.
Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design
A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art
History of Early American Landscape Design
HEALD will be upgrading in spring 2021. New features and content will be available this summer. Thank you for your patience!

Changes

[http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/research/casva/research-projects.html A Project of the National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts ]
A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

National Gallery of Art, Washington