Flower gardens also could be placed at some distance from the house. Batty Langley (1728), for example, advised situating the flower garden within a [[wilderness]]. At the [[seat]] of John Penn, near Philadelphia, the flower garden was located in a wooded area away from the mansion [Fig. 1]. This placement of the flower garden distinguished it from the [[parterre]], which, typically in the British and European context, was placed adjacent to the house. The 18th-century [[parterre]] used common plants, whereas the 18th-century flower garden was often devoted to exotic, unusual, or rare plants; hence [[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]] (1796) expressed disappointment in the flower garden at [[Mount Vernon]] because it contained “nothing very rare.” This “neat” layout arranged with precision met with [[Benjamin Henry Latrobe|Latrobe’s]] sarcasm as he described a [[parterre]] as “the expiring groans I hope of our Grandfather’s pedantry.” A sketch of [[John Bartram|John Bartram's]] famous garden depicts the botanist’s care and interest in “new flowers,” which were separated from the “common flower garden” [Fig. 2].
[[File:0056.jpg|thumb|right|Fig. 2, [[John Bartram|John]] or [[William Bartram]], ''A Draught of John Bartram’s House and Garden as it appears from the River'', 1758. “New flower garden” upper left quadrant of the garden.]]
In England, long narrow [[bed]]s were associated with florists’ gardens, which were devoted to the cultivation of rare or “choice” flowers, also known as “florists’ flowers.” [[Bernard M’Mahon|Bernard M'Mahon's]] prescription in 1806 for a flower garden composed of narrow [[bed]]s and planted with bulbous and tuberous rooted flowers, “each sort principally in separate [[bed]]s,” suggests this English florist tradition.
Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design