[[File:0073.jpg|thumb|right|Fig. 3, [[Thomas Jefferson]], Plan of serpentine [[walk]] and flower [[bed]]s at [[Monticello]], May 23, 1808.]]
The use of border to refer to a specific area of the designed landscape devoted to the display of plants and trees changed little during the period between 1600 and 1850. Yet several different, albeit related, meanings of border are found in the American context. A border could refer to the demarcated, outer edge of a discrete and often relatively large garden feature, such as a [[parterre]], [[lawn]], or grass [[plat]] [Figs. 1 and 2]. Antoine-Joseph Dezallier d’Argenville (1712) employed this sense of border while counseling readers to enclose [[parterre]]s to protect the plants within. [[George Washington]], in 1785, requested that several apricot and peach trees be moved to the borders of his grass [[plat]]s. The ''Encyclopaedia, or A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Miscellaneous Literature'' (1798) recommended three-to four-foot borders for the outer boundary of a gravel [[walk]] surrounding a [[lawn]].
[[File:0078.jpg|thumb|left|Fig. 4, Anonymous, Plan for a garden, mid-18th century.]]
*[[C. M. (Charles Mason) Hovey|Hovey, C. M. (Charles Mason)]], October 1839, “Some Remarks upon several Gardens and Nurseries in Providence, Burlington, (N.J.) and Baltimore,” describing the residence of Horace Binney, Burlington, NJ (''Magazine of Horticulture'' 5: 363)<ref>C. M. Hovey, “Some Remarks upon Several Gardens and Nurseries, in Providence, Burlington, (N.J.) and Balitmore,” ''Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Rural Affairs'' 5, no. 10 (October 1839): 361–76, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/N4I3HBZD view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The [[flower garden]] is nearly a [[square]], and is laid out with one main circular [[walk]], running round the whole, and a '''border''' for flowers on each side; the centre forming a [[lawn]] scattered over with several large fruit trees.”
*[[C. M. (Charles Mason) Hovey|Hovey, C. M. (Charles Mason)]], November 1839, “Notices of Gardens and Horticulture, in Salem, Mass.,” describing Elias Hasket Derby House, Salem, MA (''Magazine of Horticulture'' 5: 410–11)<ref>Charles Mason Hovey, “Notices of Gardens and Horticulture, in Salem, Mass.,” ''Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Rural Affairs'' 5, no. 11 (November 1839): 401–16, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/25HW5NZ9 view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The garden lies to the south of the mansion, and is, we should judge, nearly a [[square]]. It is laid out with straight [[walk]]s, running at right angles, with flower '''borders''' on each side of the [[alley]]s, and the [[square]]s occupied by fruit trees.”
*[[C. M. (Charles Mason) Hovey|Hovey, C. M. (Charles Mason)]], March 1840, “Some Remarks on the Formation of the Margins of Flower Beds on Grass Plots or Lawns” (''Magazine of Horticulture'' 6: 84–85)<ref>C. M. Hovey, “Some Remarks on the Formation of the Margins of Flower Beds on Grass Plots or Lawns,” ''Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Rural Affairs'' 6, no. 3 (March 1840): 84–86, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/keywords_in_early_american_landscape_design/items/itemKey/ETMJJXR6/q/Some%20Remarks%20on%20the%20Formation view on Zotero].</ref>
:“We are glad to learn that our observations have been the means of drawing attention to the subject, and that they have, in some instances, induced amateurs to adopt the style of planting small grass [[plot]]s, and forming upon them circular, or other shaped [[bed]]s, for flowers. . . the method is, generally, to be much preferred to the old, and almost universally followed system, of forming gravelled [[walk]]s, with board, grass, or box [[edging]]s, and dug '''borders'''.”

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