*[[J. C. (John Claudius) Loudon|Loudon, J. C. (John Claudius)]], 1826, ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'' (1826: 26–2; 10217)<ref>J. C. (John Claudius) Loudon, ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening; Comprising the Theory and Practice of Horticulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture, and Landscape-Gardening'', 4th ed. (London: Longman et al., 1826), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/KNKTCA4W view on Zotero].</ref>
[[File:1371.jpg|thumb|Fig. 4, [[J. C. Loudon]], Plan of a [[Pleasure_ground/Pleasure_garden|pleasure-ground ]] with [[labyrinth]], in ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 1021, fig. 719.]]
:“115. ''The '''Dutch''' are generally considered as having a particular taste'' in gardening, yet their gardens, Hirschfeld observes, appear to differ little in design from those of the French. The characteristics of both are symmetry and abundance of ornaments. The only difference to be remarked is, that the gardens of Holland are more confined, more covered with frivolous ornaments, and intersected with still, and often muddy pieces of water. . .
:“Whatever may have been the absurdities of the ancient style, it is not to be denied that in connexion with highly decorated architecture, its effect, when in the best taste—as the Italian—is not only splendid and striking, but highly suitable and appropriate. Sir Walter Scott, in an essay on landscape embellishment, says, ‘if we approve of Palladian architecture, the vases and balustrades of Vitruvius, the enriched entablatures and superb stairs of the Italian school of gardening, we must not, on this account, be construed as vindicating the paltry imitations of the '''Dutch''', who clipped yews into monsters of every species, and relieved them with painted wooden figures. The distinction between the Italian and '''Dutch''' is obvious. A stone hewn into a gracefully ornamented [[vase]] or [[urn]], has a value which it did not before possess: a yew hedge clipped into a fortification, is only defaced. The one is a production of art, the other a distortion of nature. . .
<div id="Fig_6"></div>[[File:0370.jpg|thumb|Fig. 6, Anonymous, “The [[Geometric style]], from an old print,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'' (1849), p. 62, fig. 14. [[#Fig_6_cite|back up to History]]]]
:“The beauties elicited by the ancient style of gardening were those of regularity, symmetry, and the display of labored art. These were attained in a merely mechanical manner, and usually involved little or no theory. The geometrical form and lines of the buildings were only extended and carried out in the garden. In the best classical models, the art of the sculptor conferred dignity and elegance on the garden, by the fine forms of marble [[vase]]s and [[statue]]s; in the more intricate and labored specimens of the '''Dutch''' school prevalent in England in the time of William IV. . . the results evince a fertility of odd conceits, rather than the exercise of taste or imagination. Indeed, as, to level ground naturally uneven, or to make an [[avenue]], by planting rows of trees on each side of a broad [[walk]], requires only the simplest perception of the beauty of mathematical forms, so, to lay out a garden in the [[geometric style]], became little more than a formal routine, and it was only after the superior interest of a more natural manner was enforced by men of genius, that natural beauty of expression was recognised, and [[Landscape Gardening]] was raised to the rank of a fine art. . . [Fig. 56]
:“PLANTATIONS IN THE [[ANCIENT STYLE]]. In the arrangement and culture of trees and plants in the ancient style of [[Landscape Gardening]], we discover the evidences of the formal taste,— abounding with every possible variety of quaint conceits, and rife with whimsical expedients, so much in fashion during the days of Henry and Elizabeth, and until the eighteenth century in England, and which is still the reigning mode in Holland, and parts of France. In these gardens, nature was tamed and subdued, or as some critics will have it, tortured into every shaped which the ingenuity of the gardener could suggest; and such kinds of vegetation as bore the shears most patiently, and when carefully trimmed, assumed gradually the appearance of verdant [[statue]]s, pyramids, crowing cocks, and rampant lions, were the especial favorites of the gardeners of the old school.”
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File:1371.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], Plan of a [[Pleasure_ground/Pleasure_garden|pleasure-ground]] with [[labyrinth]], in ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 1021, fig. 719.]]
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