As Antoine-Joseph Dezallier d’Argenville noted in 1712, one aspect of a “good situation, is, the View and Prospect of a fine Country,” and American property owners often sited their houses with this advice in mind. Planters situated their houses along well-traveled rivers and overlooking harbors, both capturing water views and creating highly visible architectural statements of their status and wealth [Figs. 1 and 2]. As at Monte Video [Fig. 3], houses were often sited on [[eminence]]s to benefit from the natural topography. Gardens built around such houses took full advantage of their natural settings, and treatise writers such as [[A. J. Downing]] (1850) admonished gardeners to “study the character of the place” so as not to “shut out and obstruct the beauty of prospect which nature has placed before your eyes.” The frequent use of the words “command” and “commanding” by visitors recording their impressions indicates the assertion of ownership and control that was so clearly an aspect of the visual presentation of these estates. Water, topographic relief, a variety of rock formations, and vegetal and geological diversity were all prized components of views. Distance was also a measure of merit, not only contributing to the beauty of the scene, but also claiming the breadth of “command” over the countryside.
The term “vista,” while less commonly used than the related terms “prospect” and “view,” was similar in its designation of views created within the garden or looking out of the garden into the surrounding landscape. The term “vista” also carried the more particular connotation, as Thomas Sheridan noted in 1789 and [[Noah Webster]] in 1850, of the sight lines that created a view, whether made by an [[avenue]], a [[meadow]], or a space between trees. A vista within the garden was generally terminated by a focal point, such as the Chinese [[temple]] at Judge [[William Peters|William Peters's]] [[Belmont Mansion]], near Philadelphia. Even more common are descriptions of vistas from the garden to the world beyond. John Parke Custis (1717), [[Hannah Callender Sansom]] (1762), [[George Washington]] (1785), and [[Thomas Jefferson]] (1804) all used the term to describe framed views created by land cleared of trees (see Prospect).
[[File:0955.jpg|thumb|left|Fig. 4, Alexander Jackson Davis, ''View N. W. at [[Blithewood]]'', c. 1841.]]
*[[Jefferson, Thomas]], 1771, describing [[Monticello]], plantation of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville, VA (1944: 26)<ref>Thomas Jefferson, ''The Garden Book'', ed. by Edwin M. Betts (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1944), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/8ZA5VRP5 view on Zotero].</ref>
:“open a '''vista''' to the millpond, river, road, etc. qu, if a '''view''' to the neighboring town would have a good effect?”
*[[Washington, George]], March 15, 1785, describing [[Mount Vernon]], plantation of George Washington, Fairfax County, VA (Jackson and Twohig, eds., 1978: 4:103)<ref>George Washington, ''The Diaries of George Washington'', ed. by Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, 6 vols. (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1978), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/9ZIIR3FT view on Zotero].</ref>
:“Began to open '''Vistos''' throw the Pine [[grove]] on the Banks of H. Hole.”
*Smith, William Loughton, April 23, 1791, describing [[Mount Vernon]], plantation of [[George Washington]], Fairfax County, VA (1917: 63)<ref name="Loughton Smith"></ref>
:“the '''view''' extends up and down the river a considerable distance, the river is about two miles wide, and the opposite shore is beautiful, as is the country along the river. . . embracing the magnificence of the river with the vessels sailing about; the verdant fields, [[wood]]s, and [[park]]s.”
*[[Jefferson, Thomas]], 1804, describing [[Monticello]], plantation of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville, VA (Massachusetts Historical Society, Jefferson Papers)
:“'''Vistas''' to very interesting objects may be permitted, but in general it is better so to arrange the [[thicket]]s as that they may have the effect of '''vista''' in various directions. . .
[[File:0088.jpg|thumb|Fig. 10, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, ''View to the North from the [[Lawn]] at [[Mount Vernon]]'', 1796.]]
*Gerry, Elbridge, Jr., July 1813, describing [[Mount Vernon]], plantation of [[George Washington]], Fairfax County, VA (1927: 174)<ref name="Elbridge">Elbridge Gerry Jr., ''The Diary of Elbridge Gerry Jr.'' (New York: Brentano’s, 1927), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/8P4QSRIF view on Zotero].</ref>
:“Back of the mansion is a summer house, which commands an elegant '''view''' of the Potomac.” [Fig. 10]
:“I have been so long neglecting the '''view''' I am about in [the] garden that the trees & [[shrubbery]] have grown so high that I cannot represent them truly without almost totally hiding the [[walk]]s, therefore I shall prefer leaving out many of them—and also make them smaller.”
 
 
*Warden, David Bailie, 1816, describing Analostan Island, seat of Gen. John Mason, Washington, DC (quoted in Phillips 1917: 49)<ref>Philip Lee Phillips, ''The Beginnings of Washington: As Described in Books, Maps, and Views'' (Washington, DC: The author, 1917), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QXZXNN8N view on Zotero].</ref>
 
:"ANNALOSTAN ISLAND
: . . . Annalostan Island is evidently of modern formation. . . The highest [[eminence]], on which the house stands, is fifty feet above the level of the river. The common tide rises to the height of three feet. I can never forget how de-lighted I was with my first visit to this island. The amiable ladies whom I had the pleasure to accompany, left their carriage at Georgetown, and we walked to the mansion-house under a delicious shade. The blossoms of the cherry, apple, and peach trees, of the hawthorn and aromatic [[shrub]]s, filled the air with their fragrance. . . The house, of a simple and neat form, is situated near that side of the island which commands a '''view''' of the Potomac, the President's House, Capitol, and other buildings. The garden, the sides of which are washed by the waters of the river, is ornamented with a variety of trees and [[shrub]]s, and, in the midst, there is a [[lawn]] covered with a beautiful verdure. The [[Summerhouse|summer-house]] is shaded by oak and lin-den-trees, the coolness and tranquility of which invite to contemplation. The refresh-ing breezes of the Potomac, and the gentle murmuring of its waters against the rocks, the warbling of birds, and the mournful as-pect of the weeping-willows, inspire a thousand various sensations. What a delicious shade-
 
:"Ducere sol[l]icitae jucunda oblivia vitae"
 
:The '''view''' from this spot is delightful. It embraces the [[picturesque]] banks of the Po-tomac, a portion of the city, and an expanse of water, of which the bridge terminates the '''view'''. . . A few feet below the [[Summerhouse|sum-mer-house]] the rocks afford the [[seat]]s, where those who are fond of fishing may indulge in this amusement. From the [[portico]] on the oppo-site [139] side of the house, Georgetown, Calorama, the beautiful [[seat]] of Joel Barlow, Esq. and the adjacent finely-wooded hills, appear a '''vista'''."
:“''At Baltimore'', the public [[walk]] is along a fine [[terrace]] belonging to a fort nobly situated on the Patapsco, and commanding the approach from Chesapeake Bay, and a magnificent '''view''' of the city and river. . .” <ref>Loudon 1850, vol. II, 303, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/keywords_in_early_american_landscape_design/items/itemKey/W8EQFZUG? view on Zotero].</ref>
{{break}}
 
===Citations===
:“THE [[WALK]], in extensive grounds, is as necessary as the [[Fence]]. The beauties of the place are disclosed that they may be seen; and it is the office of the [[walk]] to lead the eye from '''view''' to '''view'''. . .
:“THE direction of the [[walk]] ought to be guided by the ''points of '''view''''' to which it leads. . .
:“[[SEATSeat|SEATS]]S have a two-fold use; they are useful as places of rest and conversation, and as guides to the points of '''view''', in which the beauties of the surrounding scene are disclosed. Every point of '''view''' should be marked with a [[seat]], and, speaking generally, no [[seat]], ought to appear, but in some favourable point of '''view'''.”
*[Abercrombie, John, with James Mean, 1817, ''Abercrombie’s Practical Gardener'' (1817: 472)<ref>John Abercrombie, ''Abercrombie’s Practical Gardener Or, Improved System of Modern Horticulture'' (London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1817), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TH54TADZ view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The '''view''' FROM the house, and TO the house, cannot always be consulted with mutual improvement. When a high [[terrace]] with ornaments which appear to mark the boundary of the architect’s province, is interposed between the house and the [[lawn]], the '''view''' immediately under the windows cannot certainly be so pleasant as if the house stood in a verdant field:—but let the [[prospect]] be reversed, and every stranger will see more grandeur in the house connected by a [[terrace]] with the garden; and perhaps among the spectators under the influence of cultivated taste, a few may think such a gradation conduces to general harmony.”
:“At favorable points, and those only, should the '''view''' be left open for more distant scenes. Sometimes by a judicious arrangement, the same objects seen from different places, may be made to present quite different aspects by appearing to group differently. The [[walk]] should be so directed as not to exhibit these '''views''' except at the most advantageous points. A bend in a [[walk]] should always exist from some cause either real or apparent. . .
:“If it [the house] is situated on an [[eminence]], the back as well as front '''view''' may be exhibited to great advantage, and the effect will be heightened if a '''view''' of water can be then enjoyed. Limited [[prospect]]s and neighboring buildings not worthy of notice, may be concealed by [[plantation]]s of trees. The appearance of distance may be increased by planting trees of dark green and large dense foliage on the foreground, and those of light and airy foliage in the distance; this will produce the same effect as shades in a landscape picture. Trees and shrubs in front of the house should be planted and pruned so as to present a chaste and neat appearance; imitations, therefore, of the wilder scenes of nature, such as rocks, [[cascade]]s, old trees, and festoons of climbing plants, should be situated back and more remote.”
 
 
*[[Andrew Jackson Downing|Downing, Andrew Jackson]], April 1847, “Hints on Flower Gardens” (''Horticulturist'' 1: 444)<ref>Andrew Jackson Downing, “Hints on Flower Gardens,” ''Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste'' 1, no. 10 (April 1847): 441–45, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/IRG26IQH view on Zotero].</ref>
 
:". . . still another most delightful scene is reserved, a so-called Rococo garden. . . A garden, laid out in this manner, demands much cleverness and skill in the gardener. . . Around it the most charming landscape open to the '''view''', gently swelling hills, interspersed with pretty village, gardens and grounds. In the plan of the garden, ''a'' and ''b'' are massed of [[shrub]]s; ''c'', circular [[bed]]s, separated by a border or belt of turf, ''e'', from the serpentine [[bed]], ''d''. The whole of this running pattern is surrounded by a border of turf, ''f''; ''g'' and ''h'' are gravel [[walk]]s; i, [[bed]]s, with pedestal and [[statue]] in the centre; ''k'', small oval [[bed]]s, separated from the [[bed]], ''l'', by a border or turf; ''m, n, o, p'', irregular arabesque [[bed]], set in turf."
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="7">
File:10551391.jpg|Michael van der GuchtBatty Langley, “Four Designs “Frontispieces of [[Trellis]] Work for Cloistersthe Entrances into [[Temple]]s of '''View''', [[Arbor]]s, Shady [[Walk]]s, &c.,” in ''New Principles of Gardening'' (1728), pl. XVIII. File:0245.jpg|Peter Gordon (artist), Pierre Fourdrinier (engraver), “A '''View''' of Savanah [''sic''] as it stood the 29th of March, 1734,” 1734. File:0285.jpg|Nicholas Garrison, ''A '''View''' of Bethlehem, one of the Brethren’s Principal Settlements, in Pennsylvania, North America'', 1757. File:0189.jpg|Thomas Coram, '''''View''' in St. James’s Goose Creek, Charles Glover, Esqr.'', 1792. File:0140.jpg|Thomas Coram, '''''View''' in St. James’s Goose Creek, Charles Glover, Esqr.'', 1792. File:0027.jpg|Rufus Hathaway, ''A'''View''' of Mr.Joshua Winsor's House &c.'', 1793-J95 File:0087. Dézallier djpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], “'''View''Argenville' of [[Mount Vernon]] looking to the North,” July 17, 1796.  File:0153.jpg|John Drayton, ''The Theory A '''View''' of the Battery and Practice Harbour of New York, and the Ambuscade Frigate'', 1794. File:0408.jpg|David Leonard, ''A S. W. '''view''' of Gardeningthe College in Providence, together with the President’s House & Gardens'' (1712), plc. 91795.
File:13910088.jpg|Batty Langley, “Frontispieces of [[TrellisBenjamin Henry Latrobe]] Work for , '''''View''' to the North from the Entrances into [[TempleLawn]]s of View, [[Arbor]]s, Shady at [[WalkMount Vernon]]s, &c.,” in ''New Principles of Gardening'' (1728), pl. XVIII1796.
File:02450755.jpg|Peter Gordon (artist)George Beck, Pierre Fourdrinier (engraver), “A '''''View of Savanah [''sic' of Baltimore from Howard Park''] as it stood the 29th of March, 1734,” 1734c. 1796.
File:02850090.jpg|Nicholas Garrison[[Thomas Jefferson]], ''A View of BethlehemLetter describing plans for a “Garden Olitory, one of the Brethren’s Principal Settlements, in Pennsylvania, North America'', 1757” c. 1804.
File:01890136.jpg|Thomas CoramAnonymous, '''View in St. James’s Goose Creek, Charles Glover, Esqr.''' of Annapolis from Strawberry Hill, 17921805.
File:01400326.jpg|Thomas CoramWilliam Russell Birch, “The '''View ''' from Springland,” in St. James’s Goose Creek, Charles Glover, Esqr.''The Country [[Seat]]s of the United States of North America'' (1808), 1792pl. 2.
File:01530731.jpg|John DraytonWilliam Russell Birch, ''A '''View of the Battery and Harbour of New York, and the Ambuscade Frigate''' from Springland'', 1794c. 1808.
File:00880876.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]]Unknown, '''View to ''' of the Battery Looking North from the [[Lawn]] at [[Mount Vernon]]''Churn, 1796c. 1812.
File:07550164.jpg|George BeckJoshua H. Hayward, “A '''View of Baltimore from Howard Park''' of the [[Seat]] of Theodore Lyman, cEsqr. 1796, in Waltham, taken on the principles of perspective,” Mathematical Thesis, 1818.
File:00900517.jpg|Joshua Tucker, ''South East '''View''' of Greenvill[[Thomas Jefferson]e], Letter describing plans for a “Garden OlitorySC'',” c. 1804possibly 1825.
File:03261367.jpg|William Russell Birch[[J. C. Loudon]], “The View from SpringlandIn planting with a '''view''' to natural beauty,in ''The Country Seats of the United States An Encyclopædia of North AmericaGardening'' , 4th ed. (18081826), pl1008, fig. 2691.
File:07311792.jpg|William Russell BirchThomas Cole, '''''View from Springland''' of Monte Video, the [[Seat]] of Daniel Wadsworth, cEsq. 1808'', 1828.
File:08762014.jpg|UnknownAnthony St. John Baker, “Front '''View ''' of the Battery Looking North from the Churn[[Mount]] Airy, Virginia,” 1827, in ''Mémoires d’un voyageur qui se repose'' (1850), part IV, cp. 1812520A.
File:05170152.jpg|Joshua TuckerGeorge Hayward after J. Anderson, ''South East '''View ''' of GreenvillThe [e[Belvedere], SC] Club House 1794'', possibly 18251828.
File:13671027.jpg|Anonymous, “'''View''' of [[J. C. LoudonMount_Auburn_Cemetery|Mount Auburn]], In planting with a view to natural beauty, in ''An Encyclopædia American Magazine of GardeningUseful and Entertaining Knowledge''2, 4th edno. 6 (1826February 1836), 1008, fig. 691: 234.
File:10271114.jpg|AnonymousW. H. Bartlett, “'''View''' from Ruggle’s House, “View of [[Mount_Auburn_Cemetery|Mount Auburn]]Newburgh (Hudson River),” in Nathaniel Parker Willis, ''American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining KnowledgeScenery'' 2(1840), novol. 6 (February 1836): 2341, pl. 25.
File:11140032.jpg|W. H. Bartlett, “View from Ruggle’s House, Newburgh (Hudson River),” in Nathaniel Parker Willis[[Robert Mills]], ''American Scenery[[Picturesque]] '''View''' (1840)of the Building, vol. 1and Grounds in front'', pl. 251841.
File:00320955.jpg|[[Robert MillsAlexander Jackson Davis]], '''''View''' N. W. at [[PicturesqueBlithewood]] View of the Building, and Grounds in front'', c. 1841.
File:09550894.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]]Edwin Whitefield, Sketch of ''View N'view''' from J. WC. at [[Blithewood]]''Mallory’s property, c. 18411841–44.
File:08941975.jpg|Edwin WhitefieldJames Smillie (artist), Sketch of view “'''View''' from JBattle Hill,” in Nehemiah Cleaveland, ''Green-Wood Illustrated'' (1847), opp.C. Mallory’s property, 1841–4479.
File:19750355.jpg|James Smillie Anonymous, “'''View''' in the Grounds at [[Hyde_Park_(artiston_the_Hudson_River,_NY), “View from Battle Hill|Hyde Park]],” in Nehemiah Cleaveland[[A. J. Downing]], ''Green-Wood IllustratedA Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'' , 4th ed. (18471849), pl. opp. 7945, fig. 1.
File:03550376.jpg|Anonymous, “View in “Plan of the Grounds at [[Hyde_Park_(on_the_Hudson_Riverforegoing grounds as a Country Seat,_NY)|Hyde Park]]after ten years’ improvement,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), pl. opp. 45114, fig. 124.Downing notes with dotted lines that “fine distant '''views''' are had through the vistas in the lines ''e e.''”
File:03761660.jpg|AnonymousRobert B. Leuchars, “Plan Ground plan of the foregoing grounds as a Country Seat, after ten years’ improvement,” in [[A. J. Downingconservatory]] designed for gentleman’s country [[seat]], in ''A Practical Treatise on the Theory Construction, Heating, and Practice Ventilation of Landscape Gardening[[Hothouse]]s'', 4th ed. (18491850), 11495, fig. 24. Downing notes with dotted lines that “fine distant views are had through the vistas in the lines ''e e32.''”
File:16600025.jpg|Robert BP. LeucharsSmith, Ground plan of conservatory designed for gentleman’s country seat, in ''A Practical Treatise on the Construction, Heating, and Ventilation '''View''' of HothousesWashington'' (1850), 95, figc. 321850.
File:00251970.jpg|Robert PJames Smillie and E. SmithG. Dunnel (engraver), “[[view|VIEW]] FROM MOUNT AUBURN, ''View of Washington[[Mount Auburn Cemetery]]'', c” in Cornelia W. Walter, ''Mount Auburn Illustrated'' (1847; repr. , 1850), opp. 112.
File:19700862.jpg|James Smillie and E. G. Dunnel (engraver), “View from Mount Auburn, [[Mount Auburn Cemetery]],” in Cornelia W. WalterEdward Sachse, ''Mount Auburn Illustrated'' (1847; repr.'View''' of Washington'', 1850), opp. 1121852.
</gallery>
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="7">
File:0047.jpg|Anna Peale Sellers, after [[Charles Willson Peale]], ''[[Belfield]] Farm, Germantown, PA'', Late 19th century. File:0845.jpg|Alexander Jackson Davis, '''View ''' of water with islands (Hyde Park), n.d.
File:0846.jpg|Alexander Jackson Davis, ''From [[Montgomery_Place|Montgomery Pl.]] looking up river'', n.d.
 
File:1055.jpg|Michael van der Gucht, “Four Designs for Cloisters,” in A.-J. Dézallier d'Argenville, ''The Theory and Practice of Gardening'' (1712), pl. 9.
File:1382.jpg|Batty Langley, “An Improvement of a beautiful Garden at Twickenham,” in ''New Principles of Gardening'' (1728).
File:0344.jpg|George Ropes, ''[[Mount Vernon]]'', 1806.
File:0043.jpg|John Archibald Woodside, ''[[Lemon Hill]]'', 1807.
File:0320.jpg|William Russell Birch, “York-Island, with a '''View ''' of the Seats [[Seat]]s of M.<sup>r</sup> A. Gracie, M.<sup>r</sup> Church &c.,” in ''The Country Seats [[Seat]]s of the United States of North America'' (1808), pl. 17.
File:0873.jpg|John Rubens Smith, ''Washington, looking up Pennsylvania [[Avenue]] from the [[Terrace]] of the Capitol'', 1809–34.
File:1052.jpg|Daniel Wadsworth, “Monte-Video,” in Benjamin Silliman, ''Remarks Made on a Short Tour between Hartford and Quebec, in the Autumn of 1819'' (1824), frontispiece.
File:14581298.jpg|Henry Cheever PrattNicolino Calyo, ''The House '''View''' of Gardiner Greenethe Waterworks at Fairmount'', c. 18341835–36.
File:12982256.jpg|Nicolino CalyoJohn Henry Bufford. ''Fairmount from the first Landing'', cover illustration for sheet music for ''View of the Waterworks at The FairmountQuadrilles'', 1835–361836, lithographs. Courtesy of the Free Library of Philadelphia, Print and Picture Department.
File:0539.jpg|John Henry Bufford, “Fairmount from the first Landing,” sheet music cover for ''The Fairmount Quadrilles'', 1836. File:0541.jpg|John T. Bowen, ''A '''View ''' of the Fairmount Water-Works with [[Schuylkill_River|Schuylkill]] in the distance, taken from the [[Mount]]'', 1838.
File:1103.jpg|W. Mason, “[[Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane]],” c. 1841, in Thomas S. Kirkbride, ''Reports of the [[Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane]]: With a Sketch of Its History, Buildings, and Organization'' (1851), frontispiece.
File:0328.jpg|Anonymous, “Front '''View ''' of the Mansion at [[Mount Vernon]],” in Franklin Knight, ed., ''Letters on agriculture from His Excellency George Washington. . .'' (1847), opp. 14.
File:03621503.jpg|Anonymous, “Cottage Residence "The Rococo Garden of Wm. H. AspinwallBaron Hügel, Esq.,” in [[A. J. Downing]]near Vienna, " ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape GardeningHorticulturist,''vol. 1, 4th edno. 10 (1849April 1847), pl. opp. 51, figp. 8441.
File:08621265.jpg|Edward SachseHenry Gritten, ''Springside: '''View ''' of WashingtonBarn Complex and Gardens'', 1852.
File:12651266.jpg|Henry Gritten, ''Springside: '''View ''' of Barn Complex Gardener’s Cottage and GardensBarns'', 1852.
File:12660047.jpg|Henry GrittenAnna Peale Sellers, after [[Charles Willson Peale]], ''Springside: View of Gardener’s Cottage and Barns[[Belfield]] Farm, Germantown, PA'', 1852Late 19th century.
</gallery>
File:0201.jpg|Anonymous, ''Perry Hall, Home of Harry Dorsey Gough'', n.d.
File:0844.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], ''[[Montgomery Place]]—Shore [[Seat]]'', n.d., drawing. The Alexander Jackson Davis Sketchbook, c. 1830–50.
File:1388.jpg|Batty Langley, “Design of a Garden and [[Wilderness]] in an Island,” in ''New Principles of Gardening'' (1728), pl. XV.
File:0037.jpg|[[Charles Willson Peale]], ''William Paca'', 1772.
File:0271.jpg|Ralph Earl, ''Mrs. John Watson'', 1791. This portrait features a view of the sitter’s estate.
File:0100.jpg|John Trumbull, Master Plan for Yale College, 1792.
File:0522.jpg|Joseph Steward, ''John Phillips (1719–1795), Dartmouth Trustee, 1773–1793'', 1794–96.
File:0089.jpg|[[Benjamin Henry Latrobe]], '''''View ''' of [[Mount Vernon]] looking towards the South West'', 1796. File:1925.jpg|Alexander Robertson, Cleremont the [[seat]] R. R. Livingston, 1796.
File:1138.jpg|William Groombridge, '''''View ''' of [[Lemon Hill]]'', c. 1800.
File:0509.jpg|[[Charles Fraser]], ''Rice Hope'', c. 1803.
File:0742.jpg|William Russell Birch, ''Design for a Garden for George Reed, New Castle, Delaware'', c. 1805.
File:0323.jpg|William Russell Birch, “View “'''View''' from the Elysian Bower, Springland, Pennsylv<sup>a</sup>, the residence of M.<sup>r</sup> W. Birch,” in ''The Country Seats of the United States'' (1808), pl. 20.
File:03252248.jpg|William Russell Birch, ''Sweet Briar'', c. 1808.Corcoran Collection (Museum Purchase through a gift of Philip Alexius de Laszlo)
File:2104.jpg|Firm of Joseph Stubbs, decoration after Thomas Birch, Soup plate with '''view''' of [[Lemon Hill]], c. 1825 File:0486.jpg|James Smillie, “Bay & Harbour of New York, From the Battery,” in ''Bourne '''Views ''' of New York'' (1831), plate 8.
File:0739.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Landsdown,” before 1834.
File:0464.jpg|Nicolino Calyo, ''Harlem, the Country House of Dr. Edmondson'', 1834.
 
File:1458.jpg|Henry Cheever Pratt, ''The House of Gardiner Greene'', c. 1834.
File:0727.jpg|Thomas Cole, ''Gardens of the Van Rensselaer Manor House'', 1840.
File:0438.jpg|Anonymous, ''Leaving the Manor House'', c. 1850-55.
 
File:0152.jpg|George Hayward after J. Anderson, ''View of The [[Belvedere]] Club House'', 1794, 1828.
File:0435.jpg|Edward Hicks, ''The Cornell Farm'', 1848.

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