Seat designs could be differentiated by national and historical styles, as well as by placement and function. Batty and Thomas Langley, for instance, proposed a seat in keeping with the Gothic style in their 1747 text about Gothic architecture [Fig. 6]. [[J. C. Loudon]], in ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'' (1826), distinguished among seats found inside garden buildings, roofed seats that could be either fixed or portable, and those lacking any sort of roof. [[J. C. Loudon|Loudon]] explained that in form, seats could be simple (like the trunk of a tree) or more complex (such as a cast-iron couch with decorative treatment). These distinctions were echoed by [[Jane Loudon]] in ''Gardening for Ladies'' (1845), a book that was co-edited by [[Andrew Jackson Downing|Downing]] in America.
In ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'' (1849), [[Andrew Jackson Downing|Downing]] himself provided an extensive illustrated typology of seat styles, emphasizing the propriety of certain styles for different landscapes. For example, he believed that Grecian or Gothic seats were appropriate for elegant grounds, whereas [[rustic style|rustic]] seats were more suited to the irregular aesthetic of the landscape garden. Such [[rustic style|rustic]] seats were quite popular in the 19th century, as suggested by the discussion of them in horticultural journals, such as the ''Horticultural Register'', and in descriptions by both treatise writers and observers of the American landscape. See, for example, Thomas Bridgeman (1832), Edward Sayers (1838), Anna Cora Ogden Mowatt Ritchie (1839), [[C. M. (Charles Mason) Hovey|C. M. Hovey]] (1840), and Georges Jaques (1852).
—''Anne L. Helmreich''
*Foster, Sir Augustus John, 1812, describing [[Monticello]], [[plantation]] of [[Thomas Jefferson]], Charlottesville, VA (1954: 143)<ref>Sir Augustus John Foster, ''Jeffersonian America: Notes on the United States of America Collected in the Years 1805–1806–1807 and 1811–1812'', ed. Richard Beale Davis (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1954), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/7FU8NDF4 view on Zotero].</ref>
:“It is a very delightful ride of twenty-eight miles from Montpellier to the late President [[Thomas Jefferson|Mr. Jefferson’s]] '''seat''' at [[Monticello]].”
 
 
*Warden, David Bailie, 1816, describing Analostan Island, seat of Gen. John Mason, Washington, DC (quoted in Phillips 1917: 49)<ref>Philip Lee Phillips, ''The Beginnings of Washington: As Described in Books, Maps, and Views'' (Washington, DC: The author, 1917), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QXZXNN8N view on Zotero].</ref>
 
:"ANNALOSTAN ISLAND
: . . . Annalostan Island is evidently of modern formation. . . The highest [[eminence]], on which the house stands, is fifty feet above the level of the river. The common tide rises to the height of three feet. I can never forget how de-lighted I was with my first visit to this island. The amiable ladies whom I had the pleasure to accompany, left their carriage at Georgetown, and we walked to the mansion-house under a delicious shade. The blossoms of the cherry, apple, and peach trees, of the hawthorn and aromatic [[shrub]]s, filled the air with their fragrance. . . The house, of a simple and neat form, is situated near that side of the island which commands a [[view]] of the Potomac, the President's House, Capitol, and other buildings. The garden, the sides of which are washed by the waters of the river, is ornamented with a variety of trees and [[shrub]]s, and, in the midst, there is a [[lawn]] covered with a beautiful verdure. The [[Summerhouse|summer-house]] is shaded by oak and lin-den-trees, the coolness and tranquility of which invite to contemplation. The refresh-ing breezes of the Potomac, and the gentle murmuring of its waters against the rocks, the warbling of birds, and the mournful as-pect of the weeping-willows, inspire a thousand various sensations. What a delicious shade-
 
:"Ducere sol[l]icitae jucunda oblivia vitae"
 
:The [[view]] from this spot is delightful. It embraces the [[picturesque]] banks of the Po-tomac, a portion of the city, and an expanse of water, of which the bridge terminates the [[view]]. . . A few feet below the [[Summerhouse|sum-mer-house]] the rocks afford the '''seats''', where those who are fond of fishing may indulge in this amusement. From the [[portico]] on the oppo-site [139] side of the house, Georgetown, Calorama, the beautiful '''seat''' of Joel Barlow, Esq. and the adjacent finely-wooded hills, appear a [[vista]]."
*[[C. M. (Charles Mason) Hovey|Hovey, C. M. (Charles Mason)]], September 1840, “Notes on Gardens and Gardening, in New Bedford, Mass.,” describing the estate of James Arnold, New Bedford, MA (''Magazine of Horticulture'' 6: 364)<ref>Charles Mason Hovey, “Notes on Gardens and Gardening, in New Bedford, Mass.,” ''Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Rural Affairs'' 6, no. 9 (September 1840): 361–66, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QQC7WWZB view on Zotero].</ref>
:“Continuing through the winding [[walk]]s, shady [[bower]]s, and umbrageous retreats, through which rustic '''seats''' were placed, we arrived at the shell [[grotto]].”
:“''[[Promenade]] at Philadelphia''. There is a very pretty enclosure before the walnut tree entrance to the state-house, with good well-kept gravel [[walk]]s, and many beautiful flowering trees. It is laid down in grass, not in turf; which, indeed, Mrs. Trollope observes, ‘is a luxury she never saw in America. Near this enclosure is another of a similar description, called [[Washington Square (Philadelphia)|Washington Square]], which has numerous trees, with commodious '''seats''' placed beneath their shade.’ (''Ibid''. [''D. M. &c''.] vol. ii. p. 48.) . . .
:“''Waterworks at Fair Mount, near Philadelphia''. ‘. . . On the farther side of the river is a gentleman’s '''seat''', the beautiful [[lawn]] of which slopes down to the water’s edge; and groups of weeping willows and other trees throw their shadows on the stream.’ (''Domestic Manners of the Americans'', vol. ii. p. 44.)”
 
===Citations===
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="7">
Image:10551722.jpg|Michael van der Gucht[[James Gibbs]], “Four Designs “Two '''Seats''' for Cloistersthe ends of [[Walk]]s,” in A.-J. Dezallier d’Argenville, ''The Theory and Practice A Book of GardeningArchitecture'' (17121728), pl. 982.
Image:17221723.jpg|[[James Gibbs]], “Two other '''Seats ''' for the same purpose [for the ends of [[Walkwalk]]s],” in ''A Book of Architecture'' (1728), pl. 8283.
Image:17230925.jpg|William Burgis, ''A South East [[James GibbsView]], “Two other Seats for the same purpose [for the ends of [[walk]]s]ye Great Town of Boston in New England in America'',” in 1743. “Capt. Cunningham’s '''Seat'A Book of Architecture'' (1728), pl. 83” is inscribed over a grand house with beds/parterres in front.
Image:09251737.jpg|William BurgisBatty and Thomas Langley, “An Umbrello, to a '''Seat'A South East '', for to Terminate a [[walk]], [[View of ye Great Town of Boston ]], &c. in New England a Garden,” in America''Gothic Architecture'' (1747), 1743pl. 31.
Imageimage:17371688.jpg|Batty William and Thomas LangleyJohn Halfpenny, “An Umbrello, to a Seat, for to Terminate a “A [[walkChinese_manner|Chinese]], [[ViewAlcove]], &c. in a Garden'''Seat''' Fronting Four Ways,” in ''Gothic Rural Architecturein the Chinese Taste'' (17471755), pl. 318.
imageFile:16882262.jpg|William and John HalfpennyAnonymous, “A ''The South West [[Chinese_manner|Chinese]] [[AlcoveProspect]] of the '''Seat Fronting Four Ways,” in ''Rural Architecture in the Chinese Taste' of Colonel George Boyd of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, New England, 1774'' (1755), pl. 8.
Image:0587.jpg|Anonymous, Plan of the Harbour and City of Annapolis, 1781.
Image:0461.jpg|[[Samuel Vaughan]], Plan of Bath ([[Berkeley Springs)|[Berkeley Springs]]], VA, 1787, from the diary of [[Samuel Vaughan]], June–September 1787. Plan lists “bb” as “two [[Piazza]]s with '''seats'''.”  Image:0338.jpg|Anonymous, ''A [[View]] of [[Mount Vernon]]'', c. 1790.  Image:0021.jpg|Cornelius Tiebout, ''A [[View]] of the present '''Seat''' of his Excel. the Vice President of the United States'', 1790.
Image:03381983.jpg|AnonymousJeremiah Paul, “[[Robert Morris]]’ ''A View of 'Seat''' on [[Mount VernonSchuylkill_River|Schuylkill]]'', c. 1790” July 20, 1794.
Image:00211925.jpg|Cornelius TieboutAlexander Robertson, “A View of Cleremont the present Seat of his Excel'''seat''' R. the Vice President of the United StatesR. Livingston,” 17901796.
Image:19830939.jpg|Jeremiah Paul, “Robert Morris’ Seat on [[Schuylkill_River|SchuylkillCharles Fraser]],” July 20''Rice Hope: The '''Seat''' of Dr. William Read, 1794Taken from One of the Rice Fields'', c. 1800.
Image:09390141.jpg|Thomas Coram, ''The [[Charles FraserGrove]], ''Rice Hope: The 'Seat ''' of DrG. William ReadA. Hall, Taken from One of the Rice FieldsEsquire'', c. 1800.
Image:0345.jpg|Alexander Robertson (artist), Francis Jukes (engraver), “[[Mount Vernon]] in Virginia,” 1800.
Image:2259.jpg|Anonymous, Plan of the Harvard [[Botanic Garden]], c. 1807. “N. Green-'''seats''' or turf banks.” Image:0601.jpg|Anonymous, A plan of the section of land on which the Believers live in the state of Ohio, November 7, 1807. "'''Seat'''" inscribed on top center left.
Image:03171924.jpg|William Russell BirchP. Lodet, ''Montebello—The Clermont, '''Seat ''' of General Smiththe Chancellor Livingston - North River 1807'', c. 18081807.
Image:03260317.jpg|William Russell Birch, “The View from Springland,” in ''The Country Seats Montebello—The '''Seat''' of the United StatesGeneral Smith'' (1808), plc. 21808.
Image:03110326.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Hoboken in New Jersey, the Seat of Mr. John Stevens“The [[View]] from Springland,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 32.
Image:03120311.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Hampton“Hoboken in New Jersey, the '''Seat ''' of GenlMr. Chas. Ridgely, MarylandJohn Stevens,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 43.
Image:03030312.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Landsdown“Hampton, the '''Seat ''' of the late WmGenl. Bingham EsqChas.Ridgely, PennsylvaniaMaryland,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 54.
Image:03140303.jpg|William Russell Birch, “[[Mount Vernon]], Virginia“Landsdown, the '''Seat ''' of the late GenlWm. GBingham Esq. Washington, Pennsylvania,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 75.
Image:03020314.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Fountain Green“[[Mount Vernon]], Virginia, Pennsylv.a the '''Seat ''' of Mrthe late Genl. SG. MeekerWashington,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 87.
Image:03160302.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Devon in “[[Fountain]] Green, Pennsylv.a the '''Seat ''' of Mr. DallasS. Meeker,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl.108.
Image:03270316.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Mount Sidney, “Devon in Pennsylv.a the '''Seat ''' of GenlMr. John Baker, Pennsylv.aDallas,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 1110.
Image:03180327.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Montibello “[[Mount]] Sidney, the seat '''Seat''' of Genl. SJohn Baker, Pennsylv. Smith Marylanda,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 1311. The inscription reads "[[Mount]] Sidney, the '''Seat''' of Gen.l John Baker, Pennsylv.a / Drawn, Engraved & Published by W. Birch Springland, near Bristol, Pennsylvania."
Image:03040318.jpg|William Russell Birch, “[[The Woodlands|Woodlands]], “Montibello the Seat '''seat''' of MrGenl. Wm. Hamilton, PennsylvaS.Smith Maryland,” in ''The Country Seats of the United States'' (1808), pl. 1413.
Image:03190304.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Sedgley seat “[[The Woodlands|Woodlands]], the '''Seat''' of Mr. Wm. Crammond Hamilton, Pennsylva.,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 1514.
Image:03010319.jpg|William Russell Birch, “View from [[Belmont_(Philadelphia,_PA)|Belmont]] Pennsyla“Sedgley '''seat''' of Mr. Wm. the Seat of Judge PetersCrammond Pennsylva,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl.1615.
Image:03200301.jpg|William Russell Birch, “York-Island with a “[[View of ]] from [[Belmont_(Philadelphia,_PA)|Belmont]] Pennsyla. the Seats '''Seat''' of Mr. A. Gracie, Mr. Church &c.Judge Peters,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 1716.
Image:0320.jpg|William Russell Birch, “York-Island with a [[View]] of the '''Seats''' of Mr. A. Gracie, Mr. Church &c.,” in ''The Country '''Seats''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 17. Image:0322.jpg|William Russell Birch, “China Retreat Pennsyl.<sup>a</sup> the '''Seat ''' of M.<sup>r</sup> Manigault,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 19.
Image:0009.jpg|[[Charles Willson Peale]], Letter to Angelica Peale describing his garden at [[Belfield]], November 22, 1815.
Image:0164.jpg|Joshua H. Hayward, “A [[View ]] of the '''Seat ''' of Theodore Lyman, Esqr., in Waltham, taken on the principles of perspective,” Mathematical Thesis, 1818.
Image:0082.jpg|Cornelia Jefferson Randolph, attr., “A Garden '''Seat ''' by Mr. Jones, From Chamber’s Kew,” c. 1820.
Image:13341176.jpg|Eliza Susan Quincy, ''View of the seat of Edmund Quincy Esqr.'', 1822. Inscribed on reverse: ''[[J. C. LoudonView]], Covered seats / of the [[Rustic_style|rusticseat]] kind, in ''An Encyclopædia of GardeningEdmund Quincy Esqr.'', 4th ed/ (1826), 357, fig. 336.
Image:1334.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], Covered '''seats''' of the [[Rustic_style|rustic]] kind, in ''An Encyclopædia of Gardening'', 4th ed/ (1826), 357, fig. 336.  Image:1335.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], Elegant structures of the '''seat ''' kind, in ''An Encyclopædia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 357, figs. 337 and 338.
Image:1354.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], Rough bench in [[Rustic_style|rustic]] hut decorated in [[Shrubbery|shrubberies]], in ''An Encyclopædia of Gardening'', 4th ed. (1826), 809, fig. 561.
Image:17071792.jpg|Thomas Cole, ''[[J. C. LoudonView]], “Seat formed of moss and hazel rods" and "[[Trellis|Trellised]] [[arch]]es for climbersMonte Video,” in the '''An Encyclopædia of GardeningSeat'''of Daniel Wadsworth, new edEsq. (1834)'', 1196, figs. 960–621828.
Image:17641707.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], A “'''Seat''' formed of moss and hazel rods" and "[[Rustic_styleTrellis|rusticTrellised]] [[arch]] seates for climbers, in ''The Suburban GardenerAn Encyclopædia of Gardening'' , new ed. (18381834), 4671196, figfigs. 173960–62.
Image:06791764.jpg|James W[[J. Steel, Beech Hill, The Country Seat of RC. GilmorLoudon]], Esq.A [[Rustic_style|rustic]] '''seat''', in W. H. Carpenter and T. S. Arthur, eds., ''The Baltimore Book: A Christmas and New Year’s PresentSuburban Gardener'' (1838), pl. opp467, fig. 184173.
Image:14200679.jpg|[[JJames W. CSteel, Beech Hill, The Country '''Seat''' of R. Loudon]]Gilmor, “Covered SeatEsq., of grotesque in W. H. Carpenter and [[Rustic_style|rustic]] MasonryT. S. Arthur,” Cheshunt Cottageeds., in ''The Gardener’s MagazineBaltimore Book: A Christmas and New Year’s Present'' 15, no. 117 (December 18391838): 656, figpl. opp. 168184.
Image:19041420.jpg|[[J. C. Loudon]], Elevation “Covered '''Seat''', of the Back Woodwork of a grotesque and [[Rustic_style|Rusticrustic]] Covered SeatMasonry, Cheshunt Cottage, in ''The Gardener’s Magazine'' 15, no. 117 (December 1839): 660656, fig. 168.
Image:09361904.jpg|Alexander Walsh[[J. C. Loudon]], Two seats surrounded by an arched Elevation of the Back Woodwork of a [[arborRustic_style|Rustic]]Covered '''Seat''', Cheshunt Cottage, in ''New England FarmerThe Gardener’s Magazine'' 1915, no. 39 117 (March 31, 1841December 1839): 309660, fig. 4168.
Image:18240936.jpg|AnonymousAlexander Walsh, “Moveable Garden Seat,” in Two '''seats''' surrounded by an arched [[Jane Loudonarbor]], in ''Gardening for Ladies; and Companion to the Flower-GardenNew England Farmer'' 19, no. 39 (1845March 31, 1841), 369: 309, fig. 494.
Image:03581824.jpg|Anonymous, “[[Rustic_style|Rustic] “Moveable Garden '''Seat''',” [[Montgomery Place]], in [[A. J. DowningJane Loudon]], ed., ''HorticulturistGardening for Ladies; and Companion to the Flower-Garden'' 2, no. 4 (October 18471845): 157, 369, fig. 2649.
Image:03610844.jpg|Anonymous[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], “Beaverwyck, the Seat of Wm. P. Van Rensselaer, Esq.,” in ''[[A. J. DowningMontgomery Place]], —Shore '''Seat'''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), pl. opp. 51, figc. 71847.
Image:03680358.jpg|Anonymous, “The “[[Rustic_style|Rustic]] '''Seat of George Sheaff''', Esq.” [[Montgomery Place]],in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape GardeningHorticulturist''2, 4th edno. 4 (1849October 1847), pl. between 58 and 59: 157, fig. 1226.
Image:03780361.jpg|Anonymous, “Plan “Beaverwyck, the '''Seat''' of a Suburban Villa ResidenceWm. P. Van Rensselaer, Esq.,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 118pl. opp. 51, fig. 267.
Image:03960368.jpg|Anonymous, “A circular [[pavilion]]“The '''Seat''' of George Sheaff, Esq.,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 456pl. between 58 and 59, fig. 8112.
Image:1891.jpg|Anonymous, “Simple [[Rustic_style|rustic]] '''seat''',” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 456, fig. 82.
Image:1892.jpg|Anonymous, Simple [[Rustic_style|rustic]] '''seat ''' made at the foot of a tree, in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 456, fig. 83.
Image:0397.jpg|Anonymous, “Covered '''seat ''' or [[Rustic_style|rustic]] [[arbor]],” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 457, fig. 84.
Image:1893.jpg|Anonymous, Covered '''Seat ''' for a mineral, shell, or geological collection, in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 457, fig. 85.
Image:0398.jpg|Anonymous, “[[Rustic_style|Rustic]] Covered '''Seat''',” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 458, fig. 86.
Image:1660.jpg|Robert B. Leuchars, Ground plan of [[conservatory ]] designed for gentleman’s country '''seat''', in ''A Practical Treatise on the Construction, Heating, and Ventilation of Hothouses'' (1850), 95, fig. 32.
Image:1001.jpg|Anonymous, “Mount Fordham—the Country Seat of Lewis G. Morris, Esq.,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 6, no. 8 (August 1851): pl. opp. 345. Image:0854.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], Shore '''Seat ''' for [[Montgomery Place]], Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (elevation and plan), 1870—79.]]
</gallery>
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="7">
Image:00361055.jpg|Thomas Lee ShippenMichael van der Gucht, Plan of Westover“Four Designs for Cloisters, 1783” in A.-J. Dezallier d’Argenville, ''The seat can be seen at the top Theory and Practice of the imageGardening'' (1712), referencing the houses across the river from Westoverpl. 9.
Image:11620036.jpg|AnonymousThomas Lee Shippen, Plan of Westover, 1783. The '''seat''' can be seen at the top of the Harvard [[Botanic Garden]]image, early 19th centuryreferencing the houses across the river from Westover.
Image:00430043_2.jpg|John Archibald Woodside, ''[[Lemon Hill]]'', 1807.
Image:0313.jpg|William Russell Birch, “The Sun Reflecting on the Dew, a Garden scene, Echo, Pennsylv.a A Place Belonging to Mr. D. Bavarage,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 6.
Image:0315.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Solitude in Pennsyla. belonging to Mr. Penn,” in ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 9.
Image:0321.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Mendenhall Ferry, [[Schuylkill_River|Schuylkill]], Pennsylvania,” ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 18.
Image:0323.jpg|William Russell Birch, “View “[[View]] from the Elysian Bower, Springland, Pennsylv,a the residence of Mr W. Birch,” ''The Country '''Seats ''' of the United States'' (1808), pl. 20.
Image:0051.jpg|William Strickland, “[[The Woodlands]],” 1809, in ''Casket'' 5, no. 10 (October 1830): pl. opp. 432.
Image:0300.jpg|Thomas Birch, ''Fairmount Water Works'', 1821.
Image:1025.jpg|Anonymous, “Entrance to [[Mount Auburn Cemetery|Mount Auburn]],” in ''American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge'' 1, no. 1 (September 1834): 9.  Image:0542.jpg|Nicolino Calyo, ''The Philadelphia Water Works'', 1835–36. Image:0541.jpg|John T. Bowen, ''A [[View ]] of Fairmount Water-Works with [[Schuylkill_River|Schuylkill]] in the distance, taken from the [[Mount]]'', 1838.
Image:0843.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], [[Montgomery Place]], 1844.
Image:1049.jpg|N. Vautin, [[View ]] of North Side (Rear) of Longfellow House, June 1845.
Image:0844.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], [[Montgomery Place]]—Shore Seat, c. 1847. Image:0357.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], “[[Montgomery Place]],” in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 2, no. 4 (October 1847): pl. between 152 and opp. 153.
Image:0359.jpg|Anonymous, “The [[Lake]],” [[Montgomery Place]], in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 2, no. 4 (October 1847): 158, fig. 27.
Image:1097.jpg|Thomas S. Sinclair, “Plan of the [[Pleasure_ground|Pleasure Grounds]] and Farm of the [[Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane ]] at Philadelphia,” in Thomas S. Kirkbride, ''American Journal of Insanity'' 4, no. 4 (April 1848): pl. opp. 280.
Image:0363.jpg|Anonymous, “View “[[View]] in the [[Meadow]] [[Park]] at Geneseo,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 3, no. 4 (October 1848): pl. opp. 153.
Image:0350.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], “View in the Grounds at Blithewood,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), frontispiece.
Image:0355.jpg|Anonymous, “View “[[View]] in the Grounds at Hyde Park,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), pl. opp. 45, fig. 1.
Image:0367.jpg|Anonymous, “View “[[View]] in the Grounds of James Arnold, Esp.,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), pl. opp. 57. Image:0378.jpg|Anonymous, “Plan of a Suburban Villa Residence,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 118, fig. 26.
Image:0920.jpg|Anonymous, “Small Bracketed Cottage,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''The Architecture of Country Houses'' (1850), pl. opp. 78, fig. 9.
Image:0673.jpg|Archibald L. Dick, ''The Battle Ground at Germantown, Cliveden or Chew’s House'', n.d.
Image:1680.jpg|Anonymous, Garden '''seat ''' from Somerset County, MD, 1780.
Image:0477.jpg|John Scoles, “Government House,” January 1795.
Image:0324.jpg|William Russell Birch, “Back of the State House, Philadelphia,” 17991800.
Image:0509.jpg|[[Charles Fraser]], ''Rice Hope, Taken from One of the Rice Fields'', c. 1803.
Image:0330.jpg|[[Anne-Marguerite-Henriette Rouillé de Marigny Hyde de Neuville]], attr., ''Tomb du grande Washington au [[Mount Vernon]]'', 1818.
Image:0120.jpg|Anonymous, ''By the Sea'', c. 1820.
Image:1949.jpg|Mary Ann Lucy Gries, Needlework sampler with garden bench, 1826.
Image:0675.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], “View “[[View]] of the Battery and Castle Garden,” 1826–28.
Image:1948.jpg|Mrs. G. W. Whitney, The Adams '''Seat ''' in Quincy, 1828.
Image:0811.jpg|[[Alexander Jackson Davis]], “View ''[[View]] of St. John’s Chapel, from From the park[[Park]]'',1829.
Image:1043.jpg|Sidney Mason Stone, House for Roger Sherman Baldwin, New Haven, CT, c. 1830–40.
Image:0490.jpg|Archibald L. Dick, “Elysian Fields, Hoboken (New York in the distance),” 1831–34in ''[[View]]s in New-York and its Environs'' (1831—34). Image:1025.jpg|Anonymous, “Entrance to [[Mount Auburn Cemetery|Mount Auburn]],” in ''American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge'' 1, no. 1 (September 1834): 9.
Image:0486.jpg|James Smillie, “Bay and Harbour of New York, From the Battery,” 1831.
Image:0252.jpg|Henry Walton, Three Sisters in a Landscape, 1838.
Image:1033.jpg|Anonymous, “Forest [[Pond]],” in ''The [[Picturesque ]] Pocket Companion, and Visitor’s Guide, through Mount Auburn'' (1839), 171.
Image:1477.jpg|Anonymous, Honorary membership certificate for Nicholas Biddle in “The Horticultural Association of the Valley of the Hudson” [detail], June 1839.
Image:1103.jpg|W. Mason, “[[Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane]],” c. 1841, in Thomas S. Kirkbride, ''Reports of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane: for the Year 1841'' (1841), frontispiece.
Image:0895.jpg|Edwin Whitefield, Sketch of Pokahoe, 1841–44. A seat is located on the lawn, nestled in the trees, seen left of center of the view.
Image:0448.jpg|Anonymous, ''Brother and Sister'', c. 1845.
Image:04992283.jpg|Anonymous (artist), Amos Eno Nathaniel Currier (lithographer), “View “[[View]] of the Great Conflagration at New York,” 1845. The seats are located around the fountain.
Image:1063.jpg|James Smillie, “[[Mount Auburn Cemetery]],” in Cornelia W. Walter, ''Mount Auburn Illustrated'' (1847; repr., 1850), frontispiece.
Image:0110.jpg|Joseph Goldsborough Bruff (artist), Edward Weber & Co. (lithographer), “Elements ''Elements of National Thrift and Empire'',c. 1847.
Image:0487.jpg|William Wade, ''Castle Garden: From the Battery'', 1848.
Image:0442.jpg|Anonymous, ''Memorial to Nicholas M.S. Catlin'', c. 1852.
Image:0218.jpg|Augustus Weidenbach, ''[[Belvedere]]'', c. 1858. Image:0396.jpg|Anonymous, “A circular [[pavilion]],” in [[A. J. Downing]], ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'', 4th ed. (1849), 456, fig. 81. Image:1001.jpg|Anonymous, “Mount Fordham—the Country '''Seat''' of Lewis G. Morris, Esq.,” in [[A. J. Downing]], ed., ''Horticulturist'' 6, no. 8 (August 1851): pl. opp. 345.
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Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design
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