==History==
[[File:0223.jpg|thumb|Fig. 1, Charles Fraser, ''Ashley Hall'', 1803.]]
[[File:0507.jpg|thumb|Fig. 2, Charles Fraser, ''Another View of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803.]]
The origins of Ashley Hall date from 1670, when Stephen Bull (d. 1706) arrived in Carolina with the intention of trading British millinery goods with Native Americans.<ref>Geraldine M. Meroney, ''Inseparable Loyalty: A Biography of William Bull'' (Norcross, GA: The Harrison Company, 1991), 6—8, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA view on Zotero].</ref> He also served as deputy to Lord Ashley (1621—1683), one of the eight Lords Proprietor of the Province of Carolina. Among the earliest English settlers in the colony, Bull assisted in selecting the site of Charles Town (later, Charleston), and helped found the first permanent European settlement there.<ref>Michael O. Hartley, ''The Ashley River: A Survey of Seventeenth Century Sites'', Research Manuscript Series, Book 184 (Columbia, SC: South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, 1984), 57, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/KD3GH3QU view on Zotero].</ref> Appointed surveyor of South Carolina in 1673, he laid out new fortification lines around Charleston in 1674 and was appointed surveyor general ten years later.<ref>B. H. Levy, “Savannah’s Bull Street: The Man Behind Its Name,” ''Georgia Historical Quarterly'' 71 (Summer 1987): 287–88, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT view on Zotero]; ''Ashley Hall Plantation'' (Columbia, SC: United States Department of the Interior National Park Service, 1975), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero]; Thomas Gamble, “Colonel William Bull—His Part in the Founding of Savannah,” ''Georgia Historical Quarterly'' 17 (June 1933): 113, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW view on Zotero].</ref> Bull played a prominent role in many aspects of Carolina government and military affairs, establishing a precedent followed by subsequent generations of his family. He also paved the way for them in his enthusiastic pursuit of science, engineering, agriculture, exploration, and diplomatic relations with the Indian population.<ref>Kinloch Bull Jr., ''The Oligarchs in Colonial and Revolutionary Charleston: Lieutenant Governor William Bull II and His Family'' (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/8BF8SNPN view on Zotero]; Levy 1987, 286–96, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/V9AZ8XTT view on Zotero]; Walter B. Edgar and N. Louise Bailey, ''Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of Representatives'', 5 vols. (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1977), 2: 115–16, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/G89DVTV3 view on Zotero]; Gamble 1933, 112–13, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4PNMDVGW view on Zotero].</ref>
[[File:0507.jpg|thumb|Fig. 2, Charles Fraser, ''Another View of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803.]]
Bull settled on land a few miles west of peninsular Charleston along a wide river, later named the Ashley. In 1676 he received a formal grant of 400 acres there, and an additional 100 acres of adjoining property in 1694.<ref>Bull’s son William would acquire an additional 500 acres in 1707, as well as properties in nearby Granville County, which yielded his principal source of income. See Henry A. M. Smith, “The Upper Ashley; and the Mutations of Families,” ''South Carolina Historical and Geneaological Magazine'' 20 (July 1919): 193, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/MIFTQ36J view on Zotero]; Henry DeSaussure Bull, “Ashley Hall Plantation,” ''South Carolina Historical Magazine'' 53 (April 1952): 61, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/keywords_in_early_american_landscape_design/items/itemKey/SPT8JW7G view on Zotero]. S. Salley Jr., “The Bull Family of South Carolina,” ''South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine'' 1 (January 1900): 76—77, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/UMNXUMGU view on Zotero].</ref> Bull pioneered the cultivation of rice on his [[plantation]], and also conducted some of Carolina’s earliest agricultural experiments in growing tobacco, indigo, ginger, and potatoes.<ref>''Ashley Hall'' 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero].</ref> The small, one-story, tabby-walled house that he built c. 1675—one of the oldest extant buildings in South Carolina—was succeeded in 1704 by a larger, but still quite modest two-story brick house, built for his son, William (1683—1755) [Fig. 1].<ref>Meroney 1991, 2 and 11, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/ZDU4XXDA view on Zotero]; Bull 1952, 61—62, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/SPT8JW7G view on Zotero]; ''Ashley Hall'' 1975, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/QTGI37VX view on Zotero].</ref> William Bull’s activities resembled those of his father in that the younger Bull served in a number of important official capacities, including Lord Proprietor’s deputy (1719), Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1721), and lieutenant governor (1737—1755). A trained surveyor, he assisted General James Edward Oglethorpe (1696—1784) in settling Georgia and selecting the site of Savannah.<ref>Edgar and Bailey 1977, 2: 120–22, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/G89DVTV3 view on Zotero]; Salley 1900, 77—78, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/UMNXUMGU view on Zotero].</ref>
Image:0223.jpg|Charles Fraser, ''Ashley Hall'', 1803.
Image:0507.jpg|Charles Fraser, ''Another [[View ]] of the Same'' (Ashley Hall), 1803.
Image:2015.jpg|Henrietta Augusta Drayton, “Ashley Hall,” rear [[view ]] and outbuildings, c. 1820.
Image:2016.jpg|Henrietta Augusta Drayton, “Ashley Hall,” river side with obelisk in yard, c. 1820.

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