*[[Bernard M'Mahon|M'Mahon, Bernard]], 1806, ''The American Gardener’s Calendar'' (1806: 59, 64, 69)<ref>Bernard M’Mahon, ''The American Gardener’s Calendar: Adapted to the Climates and Seasons of the United States. Containing a Complete Account of All the Work Necessary to Be Done . . . for Every Month of the Year. . . .'' (Philadelphia: printed by B. Graves for the author, 1806), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/HU4JIS9C view on Zotero].</ref>
:“In other parts are sometimes discovered eminences, or rising grounds, as a high '''terrace''', mount, steep declivity, or other eminence, ornamented with curious trees and shrubs, with [[walk]]s leading under the shade of trees, by easy ascents to the summit, where is presented to the [[view]], an extensive prospect of the adjacent fields, buildings, hamlets, and country around, and likewise affording a fresh and cooling air in summer. . . .
:“[[Fountain]]s and [[statue]]s, are generally introduced in the middle of spacious opens . . . sometimes in [[wood]]s, [[thicket]]s, and recesses, upon mounts, '''terraces''', and other stations, according to what they are intended to represent. . . .
:“Regular '''terraces''' either on natural eminences or forced ground were often introduced by way of ornament, for the sake of [[prospect]], and of enjoying the fresh air in summer; they were of various dimensions with respect to height, from two, to ten, or twenty feet, according to the nature of the situation and purpose they were designed for; some being ranged singly, others double, treble, or several, one above another, on the side of some consideable rising ground in theatrical arrangement.”
*[[John Abercrombie|Abercrombie, John]], with [[James Mean]], 1817, ''Abercrombie’s Practical Gardener'' (1817: 472)<ref>John Abercrombie, ''Abercrombie’s practical gardener or, Improved system of modern horticulture'', with additions by James Mean, (London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1817), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TH54TADZ/q/Abercrombie's| view on Zotero].</ref>
:“If flights of stone-stairs and ballustrades are not the inseparable accompaniments, if the term '''terrace''' is merely to designate a raised walk, many situations may be imagined, in which a '''terrace''' would both conduce to the accommodation of the proprietor of the grounds, and, ''without dispute'', improve the [[view]].
*[[J.C_C. _(John ClaudiusJohn_Claudius) Loudon_Loudon|Loudon, J. C. (John Claudius)]], 1826, ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'' (1826: 377, 1020)<ref>J. C. (John Claudius) Loudon, ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening; Comprising the Theory and Practice of Horticulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture, and Landscape-Gardening'', 4th ed. (London: Longman et al., 1826), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/KNKTCA4W/order/creator/q/loudon/sort/desc view on Zotero].</ref>
:“1933. ''Levelling for'' '''''terrace-slopes''''' . . . or for geometrical surfaces, however varied, is performed by the union of both modes, and requires no explanation to those who have acquired the rudiments of geometry, or understand what has been described. . . . [Fig. 13]
:“7256. '''''Terrace''''' ''and [[conservatory]]''. We observed, when treating of ground, and under the [[ancient style]], that the design of the '''terrace''' must be jointly influenced by the magnitude and style of the house, the [[view]]s from its windows, (that is, from the eye of a person seated in the middle of the principal rooms,) and the [[view]]s of the house from a distance. In almost every case, more or less of architectural form will enter into these compositions. The level or levels will be supported partly by grassy '''slopes''', but chiefly by stone [[wall]]s, harmonising with the lines and forms of the house. These, in the Gothic style, may be furnished by battlements, [[gateway]]s, oriels, pinnacles, &c.; or, on a very great scale, watch-towers may form very [[picturesque]], characteristic, and useful additions. . . .
*[[Louisa C. (Louisa Caroline) Tuthill|Tuthill, Louisa C. (Louisa Caroline)]], 1848, ''History of Architecture'' (1848; repr., 1988: 306)<ref> Louisa C. Tuthill, ''History of Architecture, from the Earliest Times; Its Present Condition in Europe and the United States; with a Biography of Eminent Architects, and a Glossary of Architectural Terms, by Mrs. L. C. Tuthill'' (Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1848; repr., New York: Garland, 1988),[https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/4ACTS7DK/ view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The garden of the Elizabethan villa should be laid out with a few simple '''terraces''' near the house, so as to unite it well with the ground.”
:“The only situation where this brilliant [white] gravel seems to us perfectly in keeping, is in the highly artificial garden of the [[ancient style|ancient]] or [[geometric style]], or in the symmetrical '''terrace''' [[flower garden]] adjoining the house. In these instances its striking appearance is in excellent keeping with the expression of all the surrounding objects, and it renders more forcible and striking the highly artificial and artistical character of the scene; and to such situations we would gladly see its use limited.”
 
<hr>
==Images==
Image:0540.jpg|John Caspar Wild,“Fairmount Waterworks,” 1838.
File:1120.jpg|W. H. Bartlett, “Fairmount Gardens, with the Schuylkill Bridge. (Philadelphia),” in [[Nathaniel Parker Willis]], ''American Scenery'', vol. II (1840), pl. 24.
File:1121.jpg|W. H. Bartlett, “Schuylkill Water-Works. (Philadelphia),” in [[Nathaniel Parker Willis]], ''American Scenery'', vol. II (1840), pl. 37.
File:1103.jpg|W. Mason, engraver Tucker, W. E., “Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane,” c. 1841, in [[Thomas S. Kirkbride]], ''Reports of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane'' (1851), frontispiece.
File:0550.jpg|Victor de Grailly, ''The Tomb at Mount Vernon'', c. 1840&ndash;50.
Image:0459.jpg|Jenny Emily Snow, ''Fairmount Park Waterworks'', c. 1850.
File:0778.jpg|[[Frances Palmer]], “Italian Bracketed Villa,” in [[William H. Ranlett]], ''The Architect'' (1851), vol. 2, pl. 7.
Image:0786.jpg|[[Frances Palmer]], “Italian Villa,” in [[William H. Ranlett]], ''The Architect'' (1851), vol. 2, pl. 22, design XXXIII.
File:0632.jpg|Anonymous, View of the terraces at Middleton Place, in Alice B. Lockwood, ''Gardens of Colony and State'' (1934), vol. 2, p. 196.

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