*[[A. J. Downing|Downing, Andrew Jackson]], 1849, describing [[Belmont (Philadelphia)|Belmont]], estate of [[William Peters|Judge William Peters]], near Philadelphia, PA; [[Lemon Hill]], estate of [[Henry Pratt]], Philadelphia, PA; and [[Clermont]], estate of Robert R. Livingston, Germantown, NY (1849; repr. 1991: 42–44)<ref name="Downing_1849">A. J. Downing, ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, Adapted to North America . . .'', 4th ed. (1849; repr., Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1991), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/K7BRCDC5 view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The [[seat]] of the late [[Judge William Peters|Judge Peters]], about five miles from Philadelphia, was, 30 years ago, a noted specimen of the '''ancient''' school of [[landscape gardening]]. . . . Long and stately [[avenue]]s, with [[vista]]s terminated by [[obelisk]]s, a garden adorned with marble [[vase]]s, busts, and [[statue]]s, and [[pleasure ground]]s filled with the rarest trees and shrubs, were conspicuous features here. . . .
:“''[[Lemon Hill]]'', half a mile above the [[Fairmount waterworks]] of Philadelphia, was, 20 years ago, the most perfect specimen of the geometric mode in America, and since its destruction by the extension of the city, a few years since, there is nothing comparable with it, in that style, among us. All the symmetry, uniformity, and high art of the old school, were displayed here in artificial [[plantation]]s, formal gardens with [[trellis]]es, [[grotto]]es, spring-houses, [[temple]]s, [[statue]]s, and [[vase]]s, with numerous [[pond]]s of water, [[jet|jets-d’eau]], and other water-works, [[parterre]]s and an extensive range of [[hothouse]]s. The effect of this garden was brilliant and striking; its position, on the lovely banks of the Schuylkill, admirable; and its liberal proprietor, [[Henry Pratt|Mr. Pratt]], by opening it freely to the public, greatly increased the popular taste in the neighborhood of that city.
:“On the Hudson, the show place of the last age was the still interesting ''[[Clermont]]'', then the residence of Chancellor Livingston. Its level or gently undulating [[lawn]], four or five miles in length, the rich native [[wood]]s, and the long [[vista]]s of planted [[avenue]]s, added to its fine water [[view]], rendered this a noble place. The mansion, the [[greenhouse]]s, and the gardens, show something of the French taste in design, which Mr. Livingston’s residence abroad, at the time when that mode was popular, no doubt, led him to adopt. . . .
Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design