==History==
[[File:2183.jpg|thumb||Fig. 1, William Dunlap, ''Timothy Dwight'', c. 1813.]]
A sixth-generation American and direct descendant of influential Puritan divines, Dwight was also the son of a New England farmer and held a deep commitment to agriculture and the agrarian way of life. Encouraged to read the Bible at the age of four, Dwight entered [[Yale College/University|Yale College]] at thirteen, graduated at the top of his class in 1769, and remained at the college as a graduate tutor.<ref>Peter K. Kafer, “The Making of Timothy Dwight: A Connecticut Morality Tale,” ''William and Mary Quarterly'' 47 (3rd series) (April 1990): 190&ndash;93, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/I2WZB3RU view on Zotero].</ref> In addition to studying theology and preparing for the bar, he immersed himself in reading modern literature&mdash;particularly English writers of the Augustan age&mdash;whose neoclassical style he adapted to his own poetic celebrations of America. Meeting regularly to discuss contemporary politics and literature with other [[Yale College/University|Yale]] scholars and tutors (including John Trumbull, Joel Barlow, and [[Noah Webster]]), he became a key figure in a group of intellectuals who together constituted the first American school of poetry.<ref>Colin Wells, “Connecticut Wit and Augustan Theology: John Trumbull, Timothy Dwight, and the New Divinity,” ''Religion & Literature'' 34 (2002): 1&ndash;3, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/5TPXX9JI view on Zotero]; Leon Howard, ''The Connecticut Wits'' (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TDIBG35Q view on Zotero].</ref> In 1771 Dwight composed 300 lines of heroic couplets entitled “America; Or, a Poem on the Settlement of the British Colonies” and began work on a biblical epic, ''The Conquest of Canaan,'' published in 1785 with a dedication to [[George Washington]]. Both works imbued the abundant American landscape with a sense of millennial destiny and led John Trumbull to predict, “Mr. Dwight is to be our American poet.”<ref>Howard 1943, 834, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TDIBG35Q view on Zotero].</ref>
:“The design of locating places of burial in this manner was probably good. In its execution, however, it evidently defeats itself, while it is also a plain violation of propriety. Instead of producing those solemn thoughts and encouraging those moral propensities which it was intended to inspire, it renders death and the grave such familiar objects to the eye as to prevent them from awakening any serious regard . . . Nor is it unreasonable to suppose that the proximity of these sepulchral fields to human habitations is injurious to health. Some of them have, I believe, been found to be offensive and will probably be allowed to have been noxious. Even in cases where nothing of this nature is perceptible, it is far from being clear that effluvia, too subtle to become an object of sense, do not ascend in sufficient quantities to affect with disease, or at least with a predisposition to disease, those who by living in the neighborhood are continually breathing this mischievous exhalation.“
 
<hr>
 
==Images==
<span id="roundabout_img"></span>
<gallery widths="170px" heights="170px" perrow="7">
 
Image:2183.jpg|William Dunlap, ''Timothy Dwight'', c. 1813.
 
</gallery>
<hr>

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42
Changes - History of Early American Landscape Design
A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art
History of Early American Landscape Design
HEALD will be upgrading in spring 2021. New features and content will be available this summer. Thank you for your patience!

Changes

[http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/research/casva/research-projects.html A Project of the National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts ]
A Project of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts

National Gallery of Art, Washington


Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/extensions/MobileFrontend/includes/diff/InlineDiffFormatter.php:33) in /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/html/mediawiki/includes/WebResponse.php on line 42