In pictorial representations, walks served many of these same functions. In a perspective view of a building's front façade, the viewer is often encouraged to focus upon the main entrance located at the terminus of a central walk or [[avenue]] [Fig. 5]. In the backgrounds of portraits, particularly those from the second half of the 18th century, artists often depicted glimpses through a window of their sitters' gardens, in which walks were presented in perspective with converging sides to suggest the illusion of depth [Fig. 6]. In aerial views, walks were often the principle means of indicating the location and existence of a garden, since plants, changing topography, and surface treatments were less easily rendered in plan. In other images, the walk invites the viewer to dwell upon a destination, such as a garden [[seat]] or viewing point, or to venture further into the unseen garden, as in John Trumbull's 1792 plan for [[Yale College]] [See Fig. #]. In all of these types of images, tracing the line of the walk conveys a sense of movement through the landscape, much as a visitor might have experienced surprising “discoveries” of [[view]]s.
In addition to being a common feature in early American gardens, walks were also the setting for much recorded activity. <span id="Byrd_cite"></span>[[William Byrd II]] in his diary (1732) frequently mentioned his own perambulations in the garden, either alone or with gentlemen guests after he had entertained them with a meal ([[#Byrd|view citation]]). [[Charles Willson Peale]] described strolling through the gardens of Annapolis, Maryland, in language that echoes published accounts of British and European tours.<ref>Elizabeth Kryder-Reid, “The Archaeology of Vision in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake Gardens,” ''Journal of Garden History'' 14, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 42–54, [ view on Zotero.] </ref> Walks were social venues in public landscape designs such as [[Boston Common]], the [[State House Yard]] in Philadelphia, a levee in New Orleans, the [[Battery Park]] in New York, [[Fairmount Park]] in Philadelphia [Fig. 7], and the [[avenue]]s of Washington, D.CDC. They were places to see and be seen, and images of them in the second quarter of the 19th century portray their rising popularity as [[promenade]]s for the general populace. Numerous descriptions and treatises of this period also praised the health-giving properties of these walks and the virtues of fresh air and exercise, particularly for the infirm, mentally ill, and urban poor.
—''Elizabeth Kryder-Reid''
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