[[File:0250.jpg|thumb|Fig. #, Anonymous, The Castello Plan of New York ("Afbeeldinge Van de Stadt Amsterdam in Nieuw Neederlandt"), 1660.]]
[[File:0017.jpg|thumb|Fig. #, Anonymous, Illustration of Williamsburg buildings, flora and fauna. Modern impression taken from the original 1740s copperplate [Bodleian Plate re-strike]. ]]
Although the Dutch garden type prevailed in America in such colonies as New Netherlands and also in the British colonies [Fig. 4], evidence of the term’s use occurs only in the early nineteenth century. <ref>Peter Martin, ''The Pleasure Gardens of Virginia: From Jamestown to Jefferson'' (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991), 21–23, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/6TAHS88N view on Zotero].</ref> In garden literature of the period, discussion of this style was concerned with its contrast to the [[modern style|modern]], naturalistic styles of [[landscape gardening]] that employed irregular, asymmetrical compositions and insisted on a subtler display of the hand of the artist/gardener. American writers such as Robert Buist, George Watterston, and [[A. J. Downing]] seem to have depended upon Horace Walpole and [[J. C. Loudon]] for their descriptions of the Dutch style. <ref>Horace Walpole, “On Modern Gardening,” published first in 1784 and again in ''Anecdotes of Painting in England with some Account of the Principal Artists'', vol. 3, ed. Ralph N. Wornum (London: Chatto and Windus, 1876), 66–67, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/JCH48FUV view on Zotero]; J. C. Loudon, ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'' (London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, 1834), 57–80, [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/TGQ5WTNR view on Zotero].</ref> The illustration in Downing’s ''A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening'' (1849) exemplifies the typical Dutch style of garden that he also called the [[geometric_style|geometric]]. This image, however, placed in the chapter about the history of gardens, was not promoted by Downing as a new option in design.
[[File:1696.jpg|thumb|Fig. #, Rustic Dutch fountain, in [[J. C. Loudon]], ''An Encyclopaedia of Gardening'' (1834), p. 63, fig. 43.]]
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