[[File:0312.jpg|thumb|left|252px|Fig. 1, [[William Russell Birch]], "Hampton, the Seat of Genl. Chas. Ridgely, Maryland," 1808, in William Russell Birch and Emily Cooperman, ''The Country Seats of the United States'' (2009), p. 49, pl. 4.]]
In the discourse of landscape design, seat possessed two distinct yet equally prevalent meanings, as indicated by [[Thomas Sheridan]]’s 1789 dictionary entry. One sense referred to seat as a large estate, usually marked by a country house or mansion, for example, [[William Hamilton|William Hamilton's]] [[The Woodlands]], near Philadelphia; or Gen. Charles Ridgely’s [[Hampton (Baltimore County, Md.)|Hampton]], in Baltimore County, Md. A seat was also a garden structure for sitting.
[[File:1680.jpg|thumb|252px|Fig. 2, Anonymous, Garden seat from Somerset County, Md., 1780.]]
* G., L., June 15, [1788?], describing the [[The Woodlands]], seat of [[William Hamilton]] near Philadelphia, Pa. (quoted in Madsen 1989: 19) <ref> Karen Madsen, "To Make His Country Smile: William Hamilton’s Woodlands," ''Arnoldia'', 49 (1989), 14–23,
[https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/K567H4M4 view on Zotero].</ref>
[[File:0304.jpg|thumb|225px|Fig. 9, [[William Russell Birch]], "Woodlands, the Seat of Mr. Wm. Hamilton, Pennsylva.," 1808, in William Russell Birch and Emily Cooperman, ''The Country Seats of the United States'' (2009), p. 69, pl. 14.]]
*[[François-Alexandre-Frédéric, duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt|La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, François-Alexandre-Frédéric, duc de]], 1799, describing the [[The Woodlands]], seat of William Hamilton, near Philadelphia, Pa. (quoted in Madsen 1988: B3) <ref>Karen Madsen, "William Hamilton’s Woodlands," (Paper presented for seminar in American Landscape, 1790-1900, instructed by E. McPeck. Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University, 1988), [https://www.zotero.org/groups/54737/items/itemKey/XN8NN9QN view on Zotero].</ref>
:“You pass the Schuylkill at [[Gray's Garden|Gray’s-Ferry]], the road to which runs below [[Woodlands]], the '''seat''' of Mr. William Hamilton: it stands high, and is seen upon an [[eminence]] from the opposite side of the river.” [Fig. 9]
* [[William Dickinson Martin|Martin, William Dickinson]], May 20, 1809, describing the [[The Woodlands]], seat of William Hamilton, near Philadelphia, Pa. (CWF)
:“Altho’ much has been done to beautify this delightful '''seat''', much still remains to be done, for the perfecting it in all the capabilities which nature in her boundless profusion has bestowed.”
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